This is the first study to investigate the circulation of insecticide resistance alleles in An. arabiensis from Cabo Verde.
The findings of this study provide scientific evidence supporting the traditional use of the plants in the treatment of malaria by the Maasai in Arusha region, Tanzania.
Factors associated with self-reported malaria were varied between provinces suggesting locally-specific determinants were exist at individual, household and community-level.
In spite of low vector competence of Ny. darlingi to P. vivax, parasite propagation in the human population is enhanced by the high human-biting rate, and relatively high vectorial capacity.
These results establish PfEMP1 as a novel amplification target for highly sensitive detection of both acute infections from filter paper samples and submicroscopic asymptomatic low-grade infections.
Data from this study showed that care-seeking in Mozambique remained suboptimal.
A novel real-time PCR-based method to assess P. vivax Pvpm4 gene amplification was developed.
These results highlight the important vector control challenge facing countries with high EIR despite the recent campaigns of bed net distribution.
The results showed that mosquito age and blood feeding status confers increased tolerance to insecticides as blood feeding may be playing an important role in the toxicity of deltamethrin, allowing mosquitoes to rest on insecticide-treated materials despite treatment.