Plasmodium falciparum circumsporozoite protein (PfCSP) is the main target antigen in development of pre‐erythrocytic malaria vaccines.
Factors that can be managed and would favour malaria elimination include a range of prevention behaviours at the individual level and using the networks at the community level of primary healthcare centres.
The findings of this study indicate that both Artefan® and Coartem® are equivalent and effective in the management of uncomplicated malaria amongst children in the Coast part of Tanzania.
This study provides the information frame for HSP superfamily of genes, and lays an important basis for the better understanding and further research of HSP function in insect adaptability to diverse environments.
The An. sinensis populations were highly resistant to deltamethrin and exhibited decreased avoidance behaviour.
From the sub-set of survey data analysed, non-falciparum species are present and occurred as mixed infections.
Spatial analyses revealed that richness and turnover in haemosporidia suggest an association with montane host diversity, according to elevation in the tropical Andes.
Age is associated with increased levels of antibodies that reduce adhesion of children’s IE to three of the ten endothelial receptors evaluated here.
This paper is the first report providing divergence island SNP genotypes for natural population of Burkina Faso and corresponding Plasmodium infection rates.