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Research: Prevalence of malaria and clinical profile of febrile HIV infected patients in three HIV clinics in Ivory Coast

November 17, 2017 - 08:41 -- MalariaWorld Journal
Author(s): 
Yapo T. Aba, Raoul Moh, Nogbou F. Ello, Serge-Brice Assi, Ama M. Ano, Brigitte Koffi, Mélaine C. Mossou, Zelica Diallo, Emmanuel Bissagnene
Reference: 
MWJ2017,8,18
Article type: 
Research
Abstract: 
 
To determine the prevalence and clinical profile of malaria among febrile HIV-infected patients followed up in three HIV clinics in Ivory Coast. A cross-sectional multicentre study was conducted between 2009 and 2010 in the Pneumology Department of Cocody Teaching Hospital in Abidjan, Medical Esperance Centre and the Regional Hospital in San-Pedro. Patients of all ages presenting with fever (rectal or axillary temperature >37,5°C) or a medical history of fever within 72 hrs prior to consultation were included. Parasitological diagnostic methods used were microscopy by blood smear (BS) for search malaria parasite and parasite density. Haemoglobin levels were assessed to assess anaemia. Over the study period, 530 people living with HIV consulted for fever. The 476 patients included were predominantly female (n=280, 59%), with a median age of 34 (range 3-74 yrs), a mean of 38 ± 8.3 (SD) yrs, infected with HIV-1 (n=409, 86%), on antiretroviral therapy (n=376, 79%), and cotrimoxazole prophylaxis (n=381, 80%). Only 73 (15%) patients were using LLINs. Malaria prevalence was 10% (n=47). Plasmodium falciparum was the only species identified with a mean density of 15 900 trophozoites/μl. Malaria was more common among patients with a CD4 count of <200/mm3 (p<0.001) neither on cotrimoxazole prophylaxis (p<0.001) nor on antiretroviral therapy (ART) (p<0.001). Uncomplicated malaria accounted for 32 (68%) of the cases. The signs of severe malaria (n=15, 32%,) were dominated by severe anaemia (n= 12, 25.5%). Our study revealed that malaria prevalence appears to be low in HIV clinics for people living with HIV on HAART and cotrimoxazole prophylaxis. Uncomplicated malaria is predominant when consultation is early. Signs of severe malaria were dominated by severe anaemia.

 

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