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Research: Long lasting impregnated mosquito net (LLIN) utilisation, incidence of fever and therapeutic itineraries: the case of Mifi health district in western Cameroon

November 24, 2017 - 08:18 -- MalariaWorld Journal
Patrick P. Nkamedjie, Ghyslaine B. Dongho, Rodrigue B. Mabvouna, Gianluca Russo, Martin S. Sobze
Article type: 
Long Lasting Impregnated mosquito Net (LLIN) use is effective against malaria in endemic tropical areas. However, its utilisation remains limited. Among the most common clinical signs of malaria is fever and many studies have reported the existence of different local ways of handling fever; amongst which uncontrolled use of antimalarial drugs. We investigated LLIN use and its impact on fever outcomes and the various therapeutic measures used to deal with fever episodes. Data was extracted from a cross sectional descriptive and analytic study performed between January and April 2014 in Mifi health district. Data was collected in households through a face to face interview with standard house hold questionnaires, treated and analysed using Epi Info statistical software version 3.5.3. A total of 317 participants were interviewed with average age of 33.2 years (SD = 10.8). Female respondents were predominant (85.2%; n=270). Most participants attended secondary education (53.6%; n= 170). Married marital status was most represented (58.1%; n= 185). 75.4% (n=239) of households owned at least 1 LLIN against an estimated average district coverage of 1 LLIN for 3.3 persons. Average bednet usage for households owning at least 1 LLIN was 57.9%. Utilisation of LLINs in households reduced fever episodes by 5.3%, (p=0.36). To handle fever episodes, roadside medicines represented priority therapeutic itinerary for most of our respondents (95.0%; n=301). Although LLINs are effective in reducing fever episodes, their utilisation remains low. Self-medication to treat fever seems to be prominent. There is a need to optimise communication for behavioural change strategies to promote consistent LLIN use and anti-malarial therapy, assisted by qualified health personnel.

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