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Research: Eave tubes for malaria control in Africa: Videographic observations of mosquito behaviour in Tanzania with a simple and rugged video surveillance system

July 28, 2017 - 06:53 -- MalariaWorld Journal
Author(s): 
Sergej Sperling, Michael Cordel, Scott Gordon, Bart G.J. Knols, Andreas Rose
Reference: 
MWJ2017,8,9
Article type: 
Research
Abstract: 
 
Using video, mosquito behaviour and duration of contact with netting in eave tubes was recorded and analysed to assess contamination with insecticides under semi-field and field conditions. Off-the-shelf action cameras were used to observe behaviour of mosquitoes in eave tubes near Ifakara, Tanzania. In an experimental hut in a screen house, we observed Anopheles arabiensis females on electrostatic eave tube netting treated with bendiocarb powder or with Beauveria bassiana spores, both in comparison to untreated netting. In village houses that had been equipped with eave tubes we observed the behaviour of wild mosquitoes towards electrostatic netting treated with bendiocarb. Results were evaluated using a short-contact assay (5 second exposure). In the semi-field setup, the median contact time of An. arabiensis on bendiocarb-powdered eave tube nets was 276.4 sec (n=56), compared to 26.3 sec on the control (n=59). Of all the mosquitoes observed on the treated net, 94.6% had contact times of more than 5 seconds on the bendiocarb-powdered netting. The median time on nets powdered with B. bassiana spores was 34.4 sec (n=26), compared 37.1 sec in the untreated control (n=22). 88.5% of the mosquitoes spent more than 5 seconds on the treated nets. In the field we recorded 106 individual mosquitoes of unknown species inside tubes. They spent a median time of 70.9 sec on the bendiocarb-treated netting, with 90.6% remaining there for more than 5 seconds. We have found no indication that the behaviour of mosquitoes on electrostatic eave tube netting, treated either with bendiocarb powder or with B. bassiana spores, interferes with successful transfer of lethal doses of these insecticidal actives. The videographic set-up used in this study is simple, sturdy and reliable enough to observe and analyse mosquito behaviour under field conditions.

 

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