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The MalariaWorld Journal

Opinion: Paradigm shifts in malaria study and control

September 5, 2012 - 08:18 -- Bart G.J. Knols
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Author(s): 
Jan Peter Verhave
Reference: 
MWJ 2012, 3, 7

This article describes some major events in the history of malaria research and control, some of the investigators involved, and how they promoted their ways of the fight against this disease. Every episode or moment is calibrated with the theory of science, developed by Thomas Kuhn. His idea of paradigms in science and sudden shifts is helpful for the understanding of what steered the various levels of malaria research. It also may keep investigators on the alert of dead ends and breakthroughs in future.

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Book review: ’Four passions: Conversations with myself’, by Wallace Peters

August 15, 2012 - 14:43 -- Bart G.J. Knols
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Author(s): 
Bart G.J. Knols
Reference: 
MWJ 2012, 3, 6

This book review focuses on the life and work of Professor Wallace Peters. It is autobiographical and describes his career that covers half a century as well as his personal life during that period. 'Four passions' is a book for anyone interested in malaria and leishmaniasis and presents numerous issues of interest, many of which will be recognizable to scientists working on malaria today.

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Research: Malaria pattern observed in the highland fringe of Butajira, Southern Ethiopia: a ten-year retrospective analysis from parasitological and metrological data

July 1, 2012 - 11:55 -- Bart G.J. Knols
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Author(s): 
Solomon Tesfaye, Yeshambel Belyhun, Takele Teklu, Girmay Medhin, Tesfaye Mengesha, Beyene Petros
Reference: 
MWJ 2012, 3, 5

The authors of this article aimed to determine malaria occurrence and its association withmeteorological variables in the highland fringe of Butajira, Southern Ethiopia from parasitological and metrological data. They found no significant association between malaria occurrences and meteorological variables between January 2000 and December 2009; therefore non-climatic factors together with climatic variables should be assessed to know the spread and intensity of malaria in the highland fringe of Butajira. This report also warrants the Ministry of Health to include highland areas in its current malaria control campaign so as to address those non-endemic foci of the country.

[Note: Review & author's response included]

Hypothesis: Solar net fan: a potential tool to enhance bednet usage in hot climates

April 15, 2012 - 11:35 -- Bart G.J. Knols
Author(s): 
Olivier J.T. Briet
Reference: 
MWJ 2012, 3, 4

Hot and humid climatic conditions may affect bednet utilisation. This hypothesis article presents a novel and unique approach to increase the comfort of bednet occupants. It describes a solar energy-powered fan that can be placed inside bednets to increase the airflow and provide a cooling effect. A preliminary cost analysis of such a device is presented.

[Note: Review & author's response included]

Research: A novel experimental hut for the study of entrance and exit behaviour of endophilic malaria vectors

March 30, 2012 - 08:51 -- Bart G.J. Knols
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Author(s): 
J. Derek Charlwood, Ayubo Kampango
Reference: 
MWJ 2012, 3, 3

Experimental huts have played a long and illustrious role in the study of mosquito vectors of disease. Here we present a design of a novel, cheap, 12 sided, experimental hut based on the African roundhouse. The panels covering each side can open and act as a door and above each panel there is a shutter that can also open. This allows for a great combination of possible openings for the study of entry and exit behaviour of mosquitoes. Preliminary results describing the exit behaviour of Anopheles funestus when four of the panels were open are described.

[Note: Review & author's response included]

Research: The AMFm and Medicine Diversion: Good intent enabling corrupt practices

February 22, 2012 - 19:24 -- Bart G.J. Knols
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Author(s): 
Roger Bate, Julissa Milligan, Lorraine Mooney
Reference: 
MWJ 2012, 3, 2

Increased donated and subsidised medicines for malaria are saving countless lives in Africa, but there is probably increasing theft and diversion of those medicines. The impact of medicine diversion is unknown but potentially dangerous and may bolster criminal networks and increase medicine stock outs. This study demonstrates that diversion is widespread; diverted subsidised medicines were found in 11 of 14 cities investigated, and in four of those, over half the pharmacies researchers visited had diverted subsidised malaria products.

[Note: Review & author's response included]

For press coverage in Kenya's Daily Nation click here.

Research: A geographical location model for targeted implementation of lure-and-kill strategies against disease-transmitting mosquitoes in rural areas

February 13, 2012 - 10:42 -- Bart G.J. Knols
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Author(s): 
Robert D. Sumaye, Dickson W. Lwetoijera, Edith P. Madumla, Fredros O. Okumu
Reference: 
MWJ 2012, 3, 1

This article describes the use of distribution patterns of human and mosquito populations as well as characteristics of candidate outdoor interventions, showing that it is possible to readily determine suitable areas for targeted positioning of odour-baited lure and kill stations, to improve vector control interventions. This study also highlights possibilities of relying on community knowledge to approximate areas where mosquitoes are most abundant and where to locate outdoor complementary interventions such as odour-baited lure and kill stations for controlling disease-transmitting mosquitoes. 

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Research: Novel malaria control by strategic net-hoisting with S/O channel/grip devices

September 26, 2011 - 14:08 -- Bart G.J. Knols
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Author(s): 
Francis Ugwu
Reference: 
MWJ 2011, 2, 3

This article focuses on a novel method to fix window screens through the use of so-called S/O channel grips. It is a very simple, yet highly effective method, which allows for nets to be removed intact so that these can be washed. As an architectural modification to houses this poses a new and improved manner to prevent mosquitoes from entering.

  

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Opinion: Malaria control for rural areas in Uganda: localizing the interventions

June 28, 2011 - 14:40 -- Bart G.J. Knols
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Author(s): 
George Muganga
Reference: 
MWJ 2011, 2, 2

The history of malaria control in Uganda, the difficulties experienced in past and current control efforts, and the challenges lying ahead are being reviewed in this article. A case is made for the advantages that localised responsiblity and interventions may bring, particularly for rural communities.

 


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Opinion: Paul de Kruif, American science writer on malaria: a case study

January 27, 2011 - 21:10 -- Bart G.J. Knols
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Author(s): 
Jan Peter Verhave
Reference: 
MWJ 2011, 2, 1


This article focuses on the life of American science writer and microbiologist Paul de Kruif, and his dealing with various malaria topics. A case is made for the role of science journalists in driving the application of newly generated knowledge in the real world of malaria control.

 

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