The world's scientific and social network for malaria professionals
Subscribe to free Newsletter | 9992 malaria professionals are enjoying the free benefits of MalariaWorld today

Research: Risk factors associated with occurrence of placental malaria in a population of parturients in Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria

June 22, 2015 - 07:45 -- Bart G.J. Knols
Author(s): 
Ayodele S. Babalola, Oluwafunmilayo A. Idowu, Sammy O. Sam-Wobo, Eniola Fabusoro
Reference: 
MWJ2015, 6, 8
Article type: 
Research
Abstract: 
 
Placental malaria has long been acknowledged as a complication of malaria in pregnancy, and has been associated with poor pregnancy outcome in malaria-endemic areas. This study was conducted to determine the risk factors associated with occurrence of placental malaria in a population of parturients in Abeokuta Ogun State, Nigeria. Maternal and placenta blood samples were collected from 211 parturients. Blood films were prepared, stained with 10% Giemsa and microscopically analysed for the presence of parasites. Demographic characteristics were recorded in case record forms. Chi-square tests and a regression model were computed to analyse risks, using SPSS version 16.0. Overall, 40.8% (86 of 211) of the parturients had malaria at the time of delivery, with 19.0% (40 of 211) having placental malaria. We identified being within the age range of 18-22 years [OR = 4.4, 95% CL = 1.1-17.4, P = 0.046], being primigravid [OR = 2.1, 95% CL = 0.9-5.1, P = 0.028] and living in a congested apartment [OR = 1.6, 95% CL = 0.4-6.0, P = 0.029] as significant risk factors for placental malaria. Non-usage of intermittent preventive treatment (IPT) [OR = 2.6, 95% CL = 1.2-5.4, P = 0.018], long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) [OR = 2.7, 95% CL = 1.3-5.5, P = 0.005] were also risk factors for placental malaria. In Abeokuta, the proper use of LLIN and IPT for pregnant women is essential to curb the scourge of malaria, associated risks and poor pregnancy outcomes.

 

AttachmentSize
PDF icon MWJ2015_6_8.pdf750.6 KB

Comments

Submitted by Anonymized User (not verified) on
I would say, this is a nice work, Well articulated. This should find a way to the end point (pregnant women) so that it will inform the kind of life they will live during pregnancy.