The Asia Pacific Malaria Elimination Network (APMEN) announced that two new partners have joined the Network – Thailand and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. Thailand is the eleventh County Partner to join the Network. Thailand has made significant progress over the last 10 years, reducing cases by 75% from 2000 to 2009, and has developed a strategy of sub-national malaria elimination, focusing on the central and eastern portions of the country. The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) joins the ranks of the Network’s 21 Partner Institutions.
This book provides a comprehensive update on the recent developments of the epidemiology of malaria and of existing strategies and tools for malaria control and elimination in Africa, which is discussed in the context of the long global history of malaria control.
This week a 31 year-old woman living in Jacksonville, Florida, got infected with the most deadly form of malaria, Plasmodium falciparum. Just weeks ago a similar report came from Spain, where indigenous transmission occurred and led to the first case of malaria since 1961.
The Asia Pacific Malaria Elimination Network (APMEN) today, 25th June, is launching the APMEN Research Grant Program, which aims to assist in the development of new tools and measures to eliminate malaria in the Asia Pacific Region. The Network is composed of 10 countries working to eliminate malaria (Bhutan, China, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Republic of Korea, the Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, and Vanuatu) along with partner and research institutions in the region, including WHO.
Malaria in Tanna Island, Vanuatu, has a focal and predominantly coastal distribution. As Vanuatu refines its elimination strategy, malaria risk maps represent an invaluable resource in the strategic planning of all levels of malaria interventions for the island.
Both communities were aware of malaria as a disease, but knowledge, attitudes and practices were inadequate. Providing efficient health education to people residing in malaria endemic areas would improve their understanding about malaria prevention in order to bring about the elimination of malaria from the country.
These studies indicate that current vector control methods alone cannot ultimately eradicate malaria because no intervention sustained an annual EIR less than one. While researchers develop new tools, integrated vector management may make the greatest impact on malaria transmission. There are many gaps in the entomological malaria literature and recommendations for future research are provided.
No abstract available
The rapid and sensitive molecular diagnosis method developed here could be considered for mass screening and ACT treatment of inhabitants of low-endemicity areas of Southeast Asia.
In the Asia Pacific sites with low and unstable transmission, elimination should be feasible with existing tools. Scaling up of community involvement from simple participation to social participation, where communities involve in health planning functions is necessary from malaria control to malaria elimination.