The analysis was carried out on an Acquity™ UPLC BEH C18 column (1.7 μm, 2.1 mm × 50 mm) with a flow rate of 0.3 mL/min. The detection was performed on a triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometer in positive electrospray ionization (ESI) mode.
In 18 male healthy subjects, artesunate (200 mg)-azithromycin (1,500 mg) daily for 3 days was found to be well tolerated, with only mild gastrointestinal disturbances reported.
The aim of this study was to describe the relationship between piperaquine concentrations measured in capillary blood, venous blood and venous plasma.
If future studies succeed in establishing the efficacy of oAC in human malaria, then the characteristics of being inexpensive, well-tolerated at high doses and requiring no sophisticated storage would make oAC a relevant candidate for adjunct therapy to reduce mortality from severe malaria, or for immediate treatment of suspected severe malaria in a rural setting.
Despite its widespread use, the simultaneous pharmacokinetics of AQ and its active metabolite, desethylamodiaquine (DAQ) were not characterized to date in patients. This study provided the first simultaneous pharmacokinetic model for AQ and DAQ.
Reduced plasma concentrations of both CQ and DECQ could compromise both curative efficacy and posttreatment prophylactic properties in pregnant patients. Higher IPTp CQ doses may be desirable but could increase the risk of adverse hemodynamic effects.
The population pharmacokinetics of artesunate (AS) and its active metabolite dihydroartemisinin (DHA) were studied in healthy subjects receiving single- or multiple-dosing of AS orally either in combination with pyronaridine (PYR) or as a monotherapy with or without food.
The primaquine pharmacokinetic data suggest that women have increased exposure to primaquine, which may put them at increased risk for toxicity when administered the same maintenance dose as men. The similar pharmacokinetics of doxycycline between the two sexes justifies the same maintenance dose.
In conclusion, knowledge of the pharmacokinetic profiles of artemether and lumefantrine is increasing within a range of settings, including infants and children. However, additional data would be warranted to better characterize artemether and lumefantrine pharmacokinetics in patients with hepatic impairment, in pregnant women, and in patients undergoing HIV/AIDS chemotherapy.