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mRDT

Demand for malaria rapid diagnostic test, health care-seeking behaviour, and drug use among rural community members with fever or malaria-like illness in Ebonyi state, Nigeria: a cross-sectional household survey

August 25, 2021 - 16:43 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Omale UI, Oka OU, Okeke IM, Azuogu BN, Alo C, Madubueze UC, Eze II, Okeke KC, Utulu R, Akpan UE, Iloke CV, Nnubia AO, Ibemesi DO, Nnabu CR, Anene OC
Reference: 
BMC Health Serv Res. 2021 Aug 21;21(1):857

A good understanding of the demand for malaria rapid diagnostic test (MRDT), malaria health care-seeking behavior, and drug use among community members is crucial to malaria control efforts. The aim of this study was to assess the demand (use and/or request) for MRDT, health care-seeking behavior, and drug use, as well as associated factors, among rural community members (both children and adults) with fever or malaria-like illness in Ebonyi state, Nigeria.

Bayesian network models with decision tree analysis for management of childhood malaria in Malawi

May 19, 2021 - 13:54 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Taneja SB, Douglas GP, Cooper GF, Michaels MG, Druzdzel MJ, Visweswaran S
Reference: 
BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2021 May 17;21(1):158

Malaria is a major cause of death in children under five years old in low- and middle-income countries such as Malawi. Accurate diagnosis and management of malaria can help reduce the global burden of childhood morbidity and mortality. Trained healthcare workers in rural health centers manage malaria with limited supplies of malarial diagnostic tests and drugs for treatment. A clinical decision support system that integrates predictive models to provide an accurate prediction of malaria based on clinical features could aid healthcare workers in the judicious use of testing and treatment. We developed Bayesian network (BN) models to predict the probability of malaria from clinical features and an illustrative decision tree to model the decision to use or not use a malaria rapid diagnostic test (mRDT).

NOT Open Access | Overdiagnosis of Malaria Illness in an Endemic Setting: A Facility-Based Surveillance Study in Malawi

May 5, 2021 - 11:26 -- NOT Open Access
Author(s): 
Peterson I, Kapito-Tembo A, Laufer M, et al.
Reference: 
Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2021 May 3:tpmd201209

In endemic settings where asymptomatic malaria infections are common, malaria infection can complicate fever diagnosis. Factors influencing fever misdiagnosis, including accuracy of malaria rapid diagnostic tests (mRDTs) and the malaria-attributable fraction of fevers (MAF), require further investigation. We conducted facility-based surveillance in Malawi, from January 2012 through December 2013 in settings of high perennial (Chikhwawa), high seasonal (Thoylo), and moderate seasonal (Ndirande) malaria transmission.

Malaria parasitaemia and mRDT diagnostic performances among symptomatic individuals in selected health care facilities across Ghana

February 3, 2021 - 14:09 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Abuaku B, Amoah LE, Peprah NY, Asamoah A, Amoako EO, Donu D, Adu GA, Malm KL
Reference: 
BMC Public Health. 2021 Jan 28;21(1):239

Parasitological diagnosis generates data to assist malaria-endemic countries determine their status within the malaria elimination continuum and also inform the deployment of proven interventions to yield maximum impact. This study determined prevalence of malaria parasitaemia and mRDT performances among febrile patients in selected health care facilities across Ghana.

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