Malaria is an important public health problem, with about 219 million cases, which account for 435 thousand deaths of children in Africa in 2017. The infection is transmitted by female anopheles mosquito, including Plasmodium species pathogen for human. In Turkey, no domestic cases have been reported; however, according to Annual Health Statistics, 214 imported cases were reported in 2017.
Anopheles sacharovi, a primer malaria vector species of Turkey, have a significant public health importance. It is aimed to determine the insecticide resistance status in Anopheles sacharovi populations in the Aegean and Mediterranean regions of Turkey. A total of 1638 individuals were analysed from 15 populations. Bioassay results indicated all An. sacharovi populations were resistant to DDT, malathion, fenitrothion, bendiocarb, propoxur. Many populations have begun to have resistance against permethrin and deltamethrin.