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Systematic review

NOT Open Access | Epidemiology of malaria among HIV/AIDS patients in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies

March 2, 2021 - 15:42 -- NOT Open Access
Obebe OO, Falohun OO
Acta Trop. 2021 Mar;215:105798

Malaria related HIV morbidity and death is a concern in sub-Saharan Africa. Understanding the epidemiology of malaria among people living with HIV is vital for adequate intervention. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate the prevalence of malaria in HIV patients in sub-Saharan Africa. We searched PubMed, AJOL, Web of Science and Google Scholar databases.

Endectocides as a complementary intervention in the malaria control program: a systematic review

January 20, 2021 - 07:25 -- Open Access
Khaligh FG, Jafari A, Silivanova E, Levchenko M, Rahimi B, Gholizadeh S
Syst Rev. 2021 Jan 18;10(1):30

Malaria is the most common vector-borne disease transmitted to humans by Anopheles mosquitoes. Endectocides and especially ivermectin will be available as a vector control tool soon. The current review could be valuable for trial design and clinical studies to control malaria transmission.

Systematic review of registered trials of Hydroxychloroquine prophylaxis for COVID-19 health-care workers at the first third of 2020

December 2, 2020 - 09:55 -- Open Access
Bienvenu AL, Marty AM, Jones MK, Picot S
One Health. 2020 Dec;10:100141

In the absence of a vaccine the medical and scientific community is looking intensely at utilizing a pre or post exposure drug that could decrease viremia. The search for a medication that could reduce risk of serious disease, and ideally of any manifestation of disease from SARS-CoV2, and of asymptomatic shedding of SARS-CoV2 is of urgent interest. Repurposing existing pharmaceuticals is among the approaches to achieve these ends.

The association of malaria infection and gestational hypertension in Africa: Systematic review and meta-analysis

December 2, 2020 - 08:32 -- Open Access
Mruma HA, McQuillan R, Norrie J
J Glob Health. 2020 Dec;10(2):020417

The World Health Organisation (WHO) estimates that hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) contribute 14% to global maternal mortality. HDP encompasses several subcategories, including gestational hypertension (GH) and pre-eclampsia. These two conditions are both characterised by a rise in blood pressure, with an onset from 20 weeks of gestation. They also share some common risk factors. The current definition of pre-eclampsia includes raised blood pressure in the absence of proteinuria, thus presenting the two conditions as a spectrum. In this article, we refer to both conditions as gestational hypertension, which is our outcome of interest. The aetiology of GH is not yet clearly understood. Observational studies have suggested that malaria may be associated with GH. However, the evidence from these small studies has been inconclusive. Having a better understanding of the association between malaria and GH may help inform prevention strategies to reduce maternal and infant mortality and morbidity.

The impact of delayed treatment of uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria on progression to severe malaria: A systematic review and a pooled multicentre individual-patient meta-analysis

October 21, 2020 - 08:39 -- Open Access
Mousa A, Al-Taiar A, Okell LC, et al.
PLoS Med. 2020 Oct 19;17(10):e1003359

Delay in receiving treatment for uncomplicated malaria (UM) is often reported to increase the risk of developing severe malaria (SM), but access to treatment remains low in most high-burden areas. Understanding the contribution of treatment delay on progression to severe disease is critical to determine how quickly patients need to receive treatment and to quantify the impact of widely implemented treatment interventions, such as ‘test-and-treat’ policies administered by community health workers (CHWs). We conducted a pooled individual-participant meta-analysis to estimate the association between treatment delay and presenting with SM.

Prevalence of and risk factors for Plasmodium spp. co-infection with hepatitis B virus: a systematic review and meta-analysis

October 15, 2020 - 08:46 -- Open Access
Kwuntida Uthaisar Kotepui and Manas Kotepui
Malaria Journal 2020 19:368, 15 October 2020

Plasmodium spp. and hepatitis B virus (HBV) are among the most common infectious diseases in underdeveloped countries. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of Plasmodium spp. and HBV co-infection in people living in endemic areas of both diseases and to assess the risk factors related to this co-infection.

Epidemiology of clinical congenital and neonatal malaria in endemic settings: a systematic review and meta-analysis

September 1, 2020 - 10:01 -- Open Access
Celestin Danwang, Jean Joel Bigna, Rolf Nyah Tuku Nzalie and Annie Robert
Malaria Journal 2020 19:312, 28 August 2020

In order to attain the objectives set out in the global technical strategy against malaria 2016–2030, it is important to have accurate epidemiological data on malaria in all age categories, including those which are often neglected because of an apparent low burden of disease. The current systematic review with meta-analysis synthesizes the epidemiology of clinical congenital and neonatal malaria in endemic areas.

Summary of discordant results between rapid diagnosis tests, microscopy, and polymerase chain reaction for detecting Plasmodium mixed infection: a systematic review and meta-analysis

July 30, 2020 - 14:10 -- Open Access
Kotepui M, Kotepui KU, De Jesus Milanez G, Masangkay FR
Sci Rep. 2020 Jul 29; 10(1):12765

Malaria rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) are widely used to detect malaria parasites among patients who suspected malaria infections in malaria-endemic areas where microscopy is unavailable. Nevertheless, little is known about the performance of RDTs in detecting Plasmodium mixed infections. The present study aimed to evaluate the discordant results between RDTs and microscopy/polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in detecting Plasmodium mixed infections.

Prevalence of severe Plasmodium knowlesi infection and risk factors related to severe complications compared with non-severe P. knowlesi and severe P. falciparum malaria: a systematic review and meta-analysis

July 30, 2020 - 14:07 -- Open Access
Kotepui M, Kotepui KU, Milanez GD, Masangkay FR
Infect Dis Poverty. 2020 Jul 29; 9(1):106

Plasmodium knowlesi is a potential cause of severe and fatal malaria, but comprehensive studies of its pooled prevalence and risk factors are lacking. This study aimed to explore the prevalence and risk factors related to severe P. knowlesi infection.

NOT Open Access | Impact of Malaria in Pregnancy on Risk of Malaria in Young Children: Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses

July 27, 2020 - 12:31 -- NOT Open Access
Park S, Nixon CE, Miller O, Choi NK, Kurtis JD, Friedman JF, Michelow IC
J Infect Dis. 2020 Jul 23; 222(4):538-550

Our objective was to quantify the risk of acquiring malaria among progeny of women with malaria during pregnancy.


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