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adult females

Identification keys to the Anopheles mosquitoes of South America (Diptera: Culicidae). IV. Adult females

November 19, 2020 - 13:27 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Sallum MAM, Obando RG, Carrejo N, Wilkerson RC
Reference: 
Parasit Vectors. 2020 Nov 18;13(1):584

Morphological identification of adult females of described species of the genus Anopheles Meigen, 1818 in South America is problematic, but necessary due to their differing roles in the transmission of human malaria. The increase in the number of species complexes uncovered by molecular taxonomy challenges accurate identification using morphology. In addition, the majority of newly discovered species have not been formally described and in some cases the identities of the nominotypical species of species complexes have not been resolved. Here, we provide an up-to-date key to identify Neotropical Anopheles species using female external morphology and employing traditionally used and new characters.

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