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endemic countries

History of malaria control in Rwanda: implications for future elimination in Rwanda and other malaria-endemic countries

October 8, 2020 - 08:08 -- Open Access
Corine Karema, Shawn Wen, Abigail Sidibe, Jennifer L. Smith, Roly Gosling, Emmanuel Hakizimana, Marcel Tanner, Abdisalan M. Noor and Allison Tatarsky
Malaria Journal 2020 19:356, 7 October 2020

Malaria was first reported in Rwanda in the early 1900s with significant heterogeneity and volatility in transmission over subsequent decades. Here, a comprehensive literature review of malaria transmission patterns and control strategies in Rwanda between 1900 and 2018 is presented to provide insight into successes and challenges in the country and to inform the future of malaria control in Rwanda.

When fever is not malaria in Latin America: a systematic review

September 23, 2020 - 08:48 -- Open Access
Moreira J, Barros J, Lapouble O, Lacerda MVG, Felger I, Brasil P, Dittrich S, Siqueira AM
BMC Med. 2020 Sep 21;18(1):294

In malaria-endemic countries, febrile episodes caused by diseases other than malaria are a growing concern. However, limited knowledge of the prevalent etiologic agents and their geographic distributions restrict the ability of health services to address non-malarial morbidity and mortality through effective case management. Here, we review the etiology of fever in Latin America (LA) between 1980 and 2015 and map significant pathogens commonly implicated in febrile infectious diseases.

Effectiveness of the innovative 1,7-malaria reactive community-based testing and response (1, 7-mRCTR) approach on malaria burden reduction in Southeastern Tanzania

August 17, 2020 - 13:37 -- Open Access
Yeromin P. Mlacha, Duoquan Wang, Xiao-Nong Zhou, et al.
Malaria Journal 2020 19:292, 14 August 2020

In 2015, a China-UK-Tanzania tripartite pilot project was implemented in southeastern Tanzania to explore a new model for reducing malaria burden and possibly scaling-out the approach into other malaria-endemic countries. The 1,7-malaria Reactive Community-based Testing and Response (1,7-mRCTR) which is a locally-tailored approach for reporting febrile malaria cases in endemic villages was developed to stop transmission and Plasmodium life-cycle. The (1,7-mRCTR) utilizes existing health facility data and locally trained community health workers to conduct community-level testing and treatment.

What do people benefit from a citizen science programme? Evidence from a Rwandan citizen science programme on malaria control

August 10, 2020 - 14:56 -- Open Access
Domina Asingizwe, P. Marijn Poortvliet, Arnold J. H. van Vliet, Constantianus J. M. Koenraadt, Chantal M. Ingabire, Leon Mutesa and Cees Leeuwis
Malaria Journal 2020 19:283

Malaria control remains a challenge globally and in malaria-endemic countries in particular. In Rwanda, a citizen science programme has been set up to improve malaria control. Citizens are involved in collecting mosquito species and reporting mosquito nuisance. This study assessed what people benefit from such a citizen science programme. The analysis was conducted on how the citizen science programme influenced perceptions and behaviour related to malaria control.

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