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pheromones

NOT Open Access | Male swarming aggregation pheromones increase female attraction and mating success among multiple African malaria vector mosquito species

August 5, 2020 - 14:33 -- NOT Open Access
Author(s): 
Mozūraitis R, Hajkazemian M, Zawada JW, Szymczak J, Pålsson K, Sekar V, Biryukova I, Friedländer MR, Koekemoer LL, Baird JK, Borg-Karlson AK, Emami SN
Reference: 
Nat Ecol Evol. 2020 Aug 3

Accumulating behavioural data indicate that aggregation pheromones may mediate the formation and maintenance of mosquito swarms. However, chemical cues possibly luring mosquitoes to swarms have not been adequately investigated, and the likely molecular incitants of these complex reproductive behaviours remain unknown. Here we show that males of the important malaria vector species Anopheles arabiensis and An. gambiae produce and release aggregation pheromones that attract individuals to the swarm and enhance mating success.

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