No abstract available
Plasmepsin V (Plm V) is an essential aspartic protease required for survival of the malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum (Pf). Plm V is required for cleaving the PEXEL motifs of many Pf proteins and its inhibition leads to a knockout effect, indicating its suitability as potential drug target. To decipher new inhibitors of PfPlm V, molecular docking of four HIV-1 protease inhibitors active against PfPlmV was performed on Glide module of Schrödinger suite that supported saquinavir as a lead drug, and therefore, selected as a control.
New antimalarial therapeutics are needed to ensure that malaria cases continue to be driven down, as both emerging parasite resistance to frontline chemotherapies and mosquito resistance to current insecticides threaten control programmes. Plasmodium, the apicomplexan parasite responsible for malaria, causes disease pathology through repeated cycles of invasion and replication within host erythrocytes (the asexual cycle). Antimalarial drugs primarily target this cycle, seeking to reduce parasite burden within the host as fast as possible and to supress recrudescence for as long as possible.
(+)-SJ000557733 (SJ733) is a novel, orally bioavailable inhibitor of Plasmodium falciparum ATP4. In this first-in-human and induced blood-stage malaria phase 1a/b trial, we investigated the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and antimalarial activity of SJ733 in humans.