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Influx of diverse, drug resistant and transmissible Plasmodium falciparum into a malaria-free setting in Qatar

June 17, 2020 - 12:52 -- Open Access
Al-Rumhi A, Al-Hashami Z, Al-Hamidhi S, Gadalla A, Naeem R, Ranford-Cartwright L, Pain A, Sultan AA, Babiker HA
BMC Infect Dis. 2020 Jun 15; 20(1):413

Successful control programs have impeded local malaria transmission in almost all Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries: Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Saudi Arabia. Nevertheless, a prodigious influx of imported malaria via migrant workers sustains the threat of local transmission. Here we examine the origin of imported malaria in Qatar, assess genetic diversity and the prevalence of drug resistance genes in imported Plasmodium falciparum, and finally, address the potential for the reintroduction of local transmission.

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