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children under five

Burden of malaria in children under five and caregivers' health-seeking behaviour for malaria-related symptoms in artisanal mining communities in Ghana

August 25, 2021 - 16:37 -- Open Access
Dao F, Djonor SK, Ayin CT, Adu GA, Sarfo B, Nortey P, Akuffo KO, Danso-Appiah A
Parasit Vectors. 2021 Aug 21;14(1):418

Artisanal mining creates enabling breeding ground for the vector of malaria parasites. There is paucity of data on the effects of artisanal mining on malaria. This study assessed burden of malaria and caregivers’ health-seeking behaviour for children under five in artisanal mining communities in East Akim District in Ghana.

Association between biological sex and insecticide-treated net use among household members in ethnic minority and internally displaced populations in eastern Myanmar

June 22, 2021 - 14:46 -- Open Access
Cheng B, Htoo SN, Mhote NPP, Davison CM
PLoS One. 2021 Jun 18;16(6):e0252896

Malaria prevalence in Myanmar is highest among remote and ethnic minority populations living near forest fringes along the country's international borders. Insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) are a key intervention used to prevent malaria transmission, but insufficient ITN availability and low use can hinder effectiveness. This study assessed age and sex disparities in ITN possession, access, and use among household members of ethnic minority and internally displaced populations in eastern Myanmar. Cross-sectional data from the 2013 Eastern Burma Retrospective Mortality Survey were used to describe prevalence of ITN possession, access, and use.

Needs assessment of community health workers to enhance efficient delivery of their services for community case management of malaria in Kenya

February 20, 2021 - 08:42 -- Open Access
Michelle D. S. Boakye, Collins J. Owek, Elizabeth Oluoch, Sefa Bonsu Atakora, Juddy Wachira and Yaw A. Afrane
Malaria Journal 2021 20:102, 18 February 2021

Malaria continues to be the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Africa. Community Case Management of malaria (CCMm) which is undertaken by engaging Community Health Workers (CHWs) to effectively address management of malaria cases in some endemic communities was explored in this study. The aim was to assess the needs of CHWs that would help sustain and retain their services to enhance the efficient delivery of CCMm.

Estimating the local spatio-temporal distribution of malaria from routine health information systems in areas of low health care access and reporting

February 15, 2021 - 15:38 -- Open Access
Hyde E, Bonds MH, Garchitorena A, et al.
Int J Health Geogr. 2021 Feb 12;20(1):8

Reliable surveillance systems are essential for identifying disease outbreaks and allocating resources to ensure universal access to diagnostics and treatment for endemic diseases. Yet, most countries with high disease burdens rely entirely on facility-based passive surveillance systems, which miss the vast majority of cases in rural settings with low access to health care. This is especially true for malaria, for which the World Health Organization estimates that routine surveillance detects only 14% of global cases. The goal of this study was to develop a novel method to obtain accurate estimates of disease spatio-temporal incidence at very local scales from routine passive surveillance, less biased by populations' financial and geographic access to care.

Factors associated with access and adherence to artemisinin‐based combination therapy (ACT) for children under five: a secondary analysis of a national survey in Sierra Leone

January 27, 2021 - 11:45 -- Open Access
Kristin Banek, Emily L. Webb, Emily Bostick Doogue, Samuel Juana Smith, Daniel Chandramohan and Sarah G. Staedke
Malaria Journal 2021 20:56, 21 January 2021

Access and adherence to artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) are key challenges to effective malaria treatment. A secondary analysis of the Sierra Leone malaria Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices (mKAP) survey was conducted to investigate access and adherence to ACT for the treatment of fever in children under-five.

NOT Open Access | What is the burden of malaria in the DRC

October 20, 2020 - 16:09 -- NOT Open Access
Deutsch-Feldman M, Parr JB, Keeler C, Brazeau NF, Goel V, Emch M, Edwards JK, Kashamuka M, Tshefu AK, Meshnick SR
J Infect Dis. 2020 Oct 15:jiaa650

Despite evidence that older children and adolescents bear the highest burden of malaria, large malaria surveys focus on younger children.

Impact of substandard and falsified antimalarials in Zambia: application of the SAFARI model

July 13, 2020 - 16:33 -- Open Access
Jackson KD, Higgins CR, Laing SK, Mwila C, Kobayashi T, Ippolito MM, Sylvia S, Ozawa S
BMC Public Health. 2020 Jul 9;20(1):1083

Many countries are striving to become malaria-free, but global reduction in case estimates has stagnated in recent years. Substandard and falsified medicines may contribute to this lack of progress. Zambia aims to eliminate their annual burden of 1.2 million pediatric malaria cases and 2500 child deaths due to malaria. We examined the health and economic impact of poor-quality antimalarials in Zambia.

Malaria Case Fatality Rate among Children under Five in Burkina Faso: An Assessment of the Spatiotemporal Trends Following the Implementation of Control Programs

March 19, 2020 - 08:46 -- Open Access
Ouédraogo M, Kangoye DT, Samadoulougou S, Rouamba T, Donnen P, Kirakoya-Samadoulougou F
Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Mar 12; 17(6). pii: E1840

Reducing the 2015 level of malaria mortality by 90% by 2030 is a goal set by the World Health Organization (WHO). In Burkina Faso, several malaria control programs proven to be effective were implemented over the last decade. In parallel, the progressive strengthening of the health surveillance system is generating valuable data, which represents a great opportunity for analyzing the trends in malaria burden and assessing the effect of these control programs.

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