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children under 5 years

Prevalence and determinants of malaria infection among children of local farmers in Central Malawi

September 1, 2020 - 09:52 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Emmanuel Chilanga, Delphine Collin-Vézina, Heather MacIntosh, Claudia Mitchell and Katrina Cherney
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2020 19:308, 27 August 2020

Malaria is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among children under 5 years in Malawi, and especially among those from rural areas of central Malawi. The goal of this study was to examine the prevalence and determinants of malaria infection among children in rural areas of Dowa district in central Malawi.

Point prevalence of asymptomatic Plasmodium infection and the comparison of microscopy, rapid diagnostic test and nested PCR for the diagnosis of asymptomatic malaria among children under 5 years in Ghana

July 28, 2020 - 14:06 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Okyere B, Owusu-Ofori A, Dickerson T, et al.
Reference: 
PLoS ONE 15(7): e0232874

Plasmodium infection among children is a serious public health problem. Asymptomatic malaria infection among humans serves as a significant reservoir for transmitting Plasmodium to uninfected Anopheles mosquitoes, fueling malaria endemicity and asymptomatic malaria may progress to clinical malaria. Therefore, prompt and accurate diagnosis of malaria infection is crucial for the management and control of malaria, especially in endemic areas. This study assessed the point prevalence of asymptomatic malaria infection and evaluated the performance of malaria Rapid Diagnostic Tests (RDT), light microscopy and nested PCR (nPCR) for the diagnosis of asymptomatic malaria infection in a paediatric population in the Atwima Nwabiagya North district, Ghana.

Effect of routine seasonal malaria chemoprevention on malaria trends in children under 5 years in Dangassa, Mali

April 6, 2020 - 16:12 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Drissa Konaté, Sory I. Diawara, Mahamadou Diakité, et al.
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2020 19:137, 6 April 2020

Seasonal malaria chemoprevention (SMC) is a new strategy to prevent malaria in children under 5 years old. It has been recommended by the World Health Organization since 2012 in malaria-endemic areas with seasonal transmission. This study aimed to assess the changes in malaria indicators through two consecutive years of SMC routine implementation in children under 5 years old in Dangassa, where malaria is endemic with a long and high transmission season.

Effect of pre-consultation testing on clinicians’ adherence to malaria test results and waiting time among children under 5 years in the Northern Zone of Volta Region of Ghana

March 24, 2020 - 11:45 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Jonathan Mawutor Gmanyami, Asiwome Ameko, Saviour Selase Ahiafe, Samuel Adolf Bosoka, Margaret Kweku and Evelyn Korkor Ansah
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2020 19:120, 20 March 2020

The Ministry of Health, Ghana, in accordance with global policy, recommends that all suspected malaria cases be confirmed parasitologically before treatment. Not all clinicians, however, base their treatment on test results. Patients also spend a lot of time at health facilities waiting to consult a clinician before being asked to go for testing and to see a clinician with test results. The purpose of the study was to determine if testing all children aged 6 to 59 months with fever reporting at an outpatients department (OPD) for malaria before consultation with a clinician (pre-consultation testing) will influence clinicians to adhere to test results and also reduce the time spent by such patients.

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