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Kerteszia

NOT Open Access | Neotropical Anopheles (Kerteszia) mosquitoes associated with bromeliad-malaria transmission in a changing world

March 2, 2020 - 14:10 -- NOT Open Access
Author(s): 
Multini LC, Wilke ABB, Marrelli MT
Reference: 
Acta Tropica, 21 February 2020, 105413

Kerteszia is a neotropical subgenus of Anopheles composed of 12 species. The species in this subgenus are strongly associated with humid forests rich in epiphytic bromeliads. Forest fragmentation and anthropogenic changes can therefore have a negative impact on the abundance and survival of these mosquito species. Within this subgenus, four species are considered primary vectors of malaria: An. cruzii, An. bellator, An. homunculus and An. neivai. Malaria cases associated with Kerteszia species are often referred to as bromeliad malaria, a type of malaria reported to be endemic in the coastal rainforest of the neotropical region since the end of the nineteenth century.

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