Malaria is a parasitic disease that has defied many treatment plans. This study was carried out to investigate the host mitochondrial response to malarial infection and selected antimalarial chemotherapy using murine models. The effects of artesunate (ART) and proguanil (PRG) on mitochondrial Permeability Transition (mPT), mitochondrial ATPase (mATPase), level of malondialdehyde (MDA) and activities of antioxidant enzymes; catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), Xanthine oxidase (XO), glutathione S-transferase (GST) and reduced glutathione (GSH) were estimated in Plasmodium berghei-infected mice treated with ART and PRG.
Based on reports of parasite resistance and on World Health Organization recommendation, chloroquine was replaced with the artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs) as the first choice of drugs for the treatment of uncomplicated malaria. Disuse of chloroquine led to restoration of drug-sensitive parasite to some extent in certain countries. Ever since chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine were touted as potential treatment for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), there has been a dramatic surge in demand for the drugs.
Malaria remains one of the major global public health problems due to the emergence and spread of multidrug‐resistant Plasmodium falciparum. In recent years, clinical pharmacology has significantly contributed to the optimal dosing regimens of antimalarial drugs.