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pneumonia

NOT Open Access | Comparing the accuracy of lay diagnosis of childhood malaria and pneumonia with that of the revised IMCI guidelines in Nigeria

July 20, 2020 - 15:08 -- NOT Open Access
Author(s): 
Elimian KO, Myles PR, Phalkey R, Sadoh A, Pritchard C
Reference: 
J Public Health (Oxf). 2020 Jul 15:fdaa103

Improving caregivers’ recognition of childhood malaria and pneumonia is crucial to early treatment and improving outcomes. The objective of this study was to assess the accuracy and reliability of caregivers’ recognition of malaria and pneumonia (lay diagnosis) as compared to the revised IMCI guidelines.

Impact of mobile health-enhanced supportive supervision and supply chain management on appropriate integrated community case management of malaria, diarrhoea, and pneumonia in children 2-59 months: A cluster randomised trial in Eastern Province, Zambia

June 9, 2020 - 11:39 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Biemba G, Chiluba B, Yeboah-Antwi K, Silavwe V, Lunze K, Mwale RK, Hamer DH, MacLeod WB
Reference: 
J Glob Health. 2020 Jun;10(1):010425

Despite progress made over the past twenty years, child mortality remains high, with 5.3 million children under five years having died in 2018 globally. Pneumonia, diarrhoea, and malaria remain among the commonest causes of under-five mortality; contributing 15%, 8%, and 5% of global mortality respectively. Recent evidence shows that integrated community case management (iCCM) of pneumonia, diarrhoea, and malaria can reduce under-five mortality. However, despite growing evidence of the effectiveness of iCCM, there are implementation challenges, especially stock out of iCCM commodities and inadequate supportive supervision of community health workers (CHWs). This study aimed to address these two key challenges to successful iCCM implementation by using mobile health (mHealth) technology.

'Everybody in Nigeria is a doctor…': a qualitative study of stakeholder perspectives on lay diagnosis of malaria and pneumonia in Nigeria

March 2, 2020 - 15:41 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Elimian KO, Myles PR, Phalkey R, Sadoh A, Pritchard C
Reference: 
Journal of Public Health, fdaa015

Lay diagnosis is a widely used diagnostic approach for home management of common illnesses in Nigeria. This study aimed to explore the perspectives of caregivers and healthcare professionals on lay diagnosis of childhood malaria and pneumonia. Aligned to this, the study sought to explore the feasibility of training caregivers in the Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) guidelines for improved recognition and treatment of these diseases.

Diagnosis of pneumonia and malaria in Nigerian hospitals: A prospective cohort study

February 24, 2020 - 14:21 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Graham H, Bakare AA, Ayede AI, Oyewole OB, Gray A, Neal E, Qazi SA, Duke T, Falade AG
Reference: 
Pediatr Pulmonol. 2020 Feb 19

Pneumonia and malaria are the leading causes of global childhood mortality. We describe the clinical presentation of children diagnosed with pneumonia and/or malaria, and identify possible missed cases and diagnostic predictors.

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