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Burkitt lymphoma

Endemic Burkitt lymphoma - an aggressive childhood cancer linked to Plasmodium falciparum exposure, but not to exposure to other malaria parasites

March 10, 2020 - 16:16 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Quintana MDP, Smith-Togobo C, Moormann A, Hviid L
Reference: 
APMIS. 2020 Mar 4. doi: 10.1111/apm.13018

Burkitt lymphoma (BL) is an aggressive non‐Hodgkin lymphoma. The prevalence of BL is ten‐fold higher in areas with stable transmission of Plasmodium falciparum malaria, where it is the most common childhood cancer, and is referred to as endemic BL (eBL). In addition to its association with exposure to P. falciparum infection, eBL is strongly associated with Epstein–Barr virus (EBV) infection (>90%).

NOT Open Access | Variation in the Human Leukocyte Antigen system and risk for endemic Burkitt lymphoma in northern Uganda

February 24, 2020 - 14:16 -- NOT Open Access
Author(s): 
Kirimunda S, Verboom M, Mbulaiteye SM, et al.
Reference: 
Br J Haematol. 2020 Feb 18.

Endemic Burkitt lymphoma (eBL) is an aggressive childhood B‐cell lymphoma associated with Plasmodium falciparum (Pf) malaria and Epstein–Barr virus (EBV) infections. Variation in the Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) system is suspected to play a role, but assessments using less accurate serology‐based HLA typing techniques in small studies yielded conflicting results. We studied 200 eBL cases and 400 controls aged 0–15 years enrolled in northern Uganda and typed by accurate high‐resolution HLA sequencing methods.

NOT Open Access | Risk factors for Burkitt lymphoma in East African children and minors: A case-control study in malaria-endemic regions in Uganda, Tanzania and Kenya

February 22, 2020 - 16:29 -- NOT Open Access
Author(s): 
Peprah S, Ogwang MD, Kerchan P, Reynolds SJ, Tenge CN, Were PA, Kuremu RT, Wekesa WN, Sumba PO, Masalu N, Kawira E, Magatti J, Kinyera T, Otim I, Legason ID, Nabalende H, Dhudha H, Ally H, Genga IO, Mumia M, Ayers LW, Pfeiffer RM, Biggar RJ, Bhatia K, Goedert JJ, Mbulaiteye SM
Reference: 
Int J Cancer. 2020 Feb 15;146(4):953-969

Endemic Burkitt lymphoma (eBL) is the most common childhood cancer in sub‐Saharan African countries, however, few epidemiologic studies have been undertaken and none attempted enrolling cases from multiple countries. We therefore conducted a population‐based case–control study of eBL in children aged 0–15 years old in six regions in Northern Uganda, Northern Tanzania and Western Kenya, enrolling 862 suspected cases and 2,934 population controls (response rates 98.5–100%), and processing ~40,000 vials of samples using standardized protocols.

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