Recently, two Malaria Box molecules namely MMV007571 and MMV020439 well known inhibitors of New Permeability Pathway (NPP) function also showed a secondary phenotype of inhibition of enzyme Plasmodium falciparum dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (PfDHODH) and cytochrome bc1 complex in metabolic profile assays. Intricacies of their binding at the newly identified targets was need of the hour which motivated us to study their binding using molecular docking and dynamics simulations approach.
Histidine-rich protein-2 (HRP2)-based rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) are the only RDTs recommended for malaria diagnosis in Uganda. However, the emergence of Plasmodium falciparum histidine rich protein 2 and 3 (pfhrp2 and pfhrp3) gene deletions threatens their usefulness as malaria diagnostic and surveillance tools. The pfhrp2 and pfhrp3 gene deletions surveillance was conducted in P. falciparum parasite populations in Uganda.
Quantitative structure–activity relationships (QSAR) provides a model that link biological activities of compounds to thier chemical stuctures and molecular docking study reveals the interaction between drug and its target enzyme. These studies were conducted on 1,3-dioxoisoindoline-4-aminoquinolines with the aim of producing a model that could be used to design highly potent antiplasmodium.
Resistance to anti-malarials is a major threat to the control and elimination of malaria. Sulfadoxine–pyrimethamine (SP) anti-malarial treatment was used as a national policy for treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria in Thailand from 1973 to 1990. In order to determine whether withdrawal of this antifolate drug has led to restoration of SP sensitivity, the prevalence of genetic markers of SP resistance was assessed in historical Thai samples.
According to scientific recommendations, paratransgenesis is one of the solutions for improving the effectiveness of the Global Malaria Eradication Programme. In paratransgenesis, symbiont microorganisms are used for distorting or blocking the parasite life-cycle, affecting the fitness and longevity of vectors or reducing the vectorial competence. It has been revealed recently that bacteria could be used as potent tools for double stranded RNA production and delivery to insects. Moreover, findings showed that RNase III mutant bacteria are more competent for this aim. Asaia spp. have been introduced as potent paratransgenesis candidates for combating malaria and, based on their specific features for this goal, could be considered as effective dsRNA production and delivery tools to Anopheles spp. Therefore, we decided to characterize the rnc gene and its related protein to provide the basic required information for creating an RNase III mutant Asaia bacterium.