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Iran

Malaria situation in a clear area of Iran: an approach for the better understanding of the health service providers’ readiness and challenges for malaria elimination in clear areas

March 23, 2020 - 11:33 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Hosein Azizi, Elham Davtalab-Esmaeili, Mostafa Farahbakhsh, Maryam Zeinolabedini, Yagoub Mirzaei and Mohammad Mirzapour
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2020 19:114, 18 March 2020

Malaria mortality and morbidity have decreased in recent years. Malaria elimination (ME) and effective efforts to achieve ME is one of the most important priorities for health systems in countries in the elimination phase. In very low transmission areas, the ME programme is faced with serious challenges. This study aimed to assess the trend while getting a better understanding of Health Service Providers’ (HSPs) readiness and challenges for ME in a clear area of Iran.

Autogeny in Culiseta longiareolata (Culicidae: Diptera) mosquitoes in laboratory conditions in Iran

February 25, 2020 - 16:06 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Khaligh FG, Naghian A, Soltanbeiglou S, Gholizadeh S
Reference: 
BMC Res Notes. 2020 Feb 19;13(1):81

Culiseta longiareolata is a cosmopolitan species and has implicated in the transmission of avian malaria, tularemia, and arboviruses. Despite the wide distribution of Cs. longiareolata in Iran, little is known about its biology and physiology. The current research was conducted to study the autogeny behavior in this potential vector. During 2018, larvae and pupae were collected from Nazloo region in Urmia City using standard methods. Mosquitoes were reared in cages and fed by 5% sugar in laboratory conditions and were then dissected in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) under a stereo microscope.

NOT Open Access | Climate Change and the Risk of Malaria Transmission in Iran

January 14, 2020 - 09:28 -- NOT Open Access
Author(s): 
Hanafi-Bojd AA, Vatandoost H, Yaghoobi-Ershadi MR
Reference: 
Journal of Medical Entomology, Volume 57, Issue 1, January 2020, Pages 50–64

Climate change is an important factor affecting the dynamics of the vectors population and, hence, the risk of vector-borne diseases. This study aimed to predict the environmental suitability for malaria vectors in Iran under climate change scenarios in 2030s and 2050s. Literature search was performed to find documents on the spatial distribution of Anopheles stephensi Liston, 1901, Anopheles culicifacies s.l. Giles, 1901, Anopheles fluviatilis s.l. James, 1902, Anopheles superpictus s.l. Grassi, 1899, Anopheles dthali Patton, 1905, Anopheles maculipennis s.l. Meigen, 1818, and Anopheles sacharovi Favre, 1903 (Diptera: Culicidae) published between 1970 and 2017.

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