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malaria during pregnancy

Effect of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine doses for prevention of malaria during pregnancy in hypoendemic area in Tanzania

April 20, 2020 - 09:51 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Wigilya P. Mikomangwa, Omary Minzi, Ritah Mutagonda, Vito Baraka, Eulambius M. Mlugu, Eleni Aklillu and Appolinary A. R. Kamuhabwa
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2020 19:160, 19 April 2020

Malaria in pregnancy increases the risk of deleterious maternal and birth outcomes. The use of ≥ 3 doses of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) for intermittent preventive treatment of malaria (IPTp-SP) is recommended for preventing the consequences of malaria during pregnancy. This study assessed the effect of IPTp-SP for prevention of malaria during pregnancy in low transmission settings.

Correlates of uptake of optimal doses of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine for prevention of malaria during pregnancy in East-Central Uganda

April 18, 2020 - 13:55 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Mbonye K. Martin, Kirwana B. Venantius, Ndugga Patricia, Kikaire Bernard, Baleeta Keith, Kabagenyi Allen, Asiimwe Godfrey, Twesigye Rogers, Kadengye T. Damazo and Byonanebye M. Dathan
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2020 19:153, 15 April 2020

In 2012, the World Health Organization recommended that pregnant women in malaria-endemic countries complete at least three (optimal) doses of intermittent preventive treatment (IPTp) using sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) to prevent malaria and related adverse events during pregnancy. Uganda adopted this recommendation, but uptake remains low in East-Central and information to explain this low uptake remains scanty. This analysis determined correlates of uptake of optimal doses of IPTp-SP in East-Central Uganda.

Plasmodium falciparum infection dysregulates placental autophagy

December 10, 2019 - 11:05 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Lima FA, Barateiro A, Dombrowski JG, de Souza RM, Costa DS, Murillo O, Epiphanio S, Gonçalves LA, Marinho CRF
Reference: 
PLoS ONE 14(12): e0226117

Plasmodium (P.) falciparum malaria during pregnancy has been frequently associated with severe consequences such as maternal anemia, abortion, premature birth, and reduced birth weight. Placental damage promotes disruption of the local homeostasis; though, the mechanisms underlying these events are still to be elucidated. Autophagy is a fundamental homeostatic mechanism in the natural course of pregnancy by which cells self-recycle in order to survive in stressful environments. Placentas from non-infected and P. falciparum-infected women during pregnancy were selected from a previous prospective cohort study conducted in the Brazilian Amazon (Acre, Brazil).

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