Anopheles gambiae is a major vector mosquito for Plasmodium falciparum, the deadly pathogen causing most human malaria in sub-Saharan Africa.
Existing data from malaria indicator surveys can be used to document the substantially lower prevalence of malaria in specific large cities.
Delivery of ITNs through antenatal clinics presents fewer problems than delivery of IPTp.
Given the overlap of common pregnancy problems with the symptoms of malaria, and the limited association of malaria with its main outcomes, a comprehensive antenatal care programme is the most appropriate strategy for the provision of health education, prevention and treatment for MiP. Variations in locally shared understandings of MiP must however be taken into account when designing and promoting MiP intervention strategies.
Plasmodium falciparum malaria exists in this subpopulation.
Malaria is a global health problem responsible for nearly one million deaths every year around 85% of which concern children younger than five years old in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Tragically common among children in sub-Saharan Africa, cerebral malaria is characterized by rapid progression to coma and death.
The results presented in this paper suggest potentially large developmental consequences of early childhood exposure to malaria.
Malaria vectors in sub-Saharan Africa have proven themselves very difficult adversaries in the global struggle against malaria.
The diagnostics of this human malaria parasite should be taken into account in the context of malaria control and elimination efforts, not only in Mali, but also in sub-Saharan Africa.