This is believed to be the first study to estimate the cost-effectiveness of larviciding for urban malaria control in sub-Saharan Africa.
Comprehensive, direct-to-household, mass distribution of ITNs was effective in rapidly scaling up coverage, with use being maintained at a high level at least one year following the intervention.
East Coast fever (ECF) is a tick-borne disease caused by the parasite Theileria parva which infects cattle.
In the study area, late first ANC clinic enrolment and fewer clinic visits may prevent the uptake of two SP doses and education on early and regular ANC clinic visits can increase IPTp coverage.
An estimated 627,000 malaria deaths occurred in 2012, mostly in African children and many of them preventable with prompt diagnosis and treatment.
The transmission of malaria by blood transfusion was one of the first recorded incidents of transfusion-transmitted infections (TTIs).
The prospects for effective malaria control and elimination are huge in South Sudan.
In areas with pyrethroid resistant vectors, LLINs with modest hole areas permit mosquito entry and feeding, providing little protection against the vectors.
Anopheles gambiae is a major vector mosquito for Plasmodium falciparum, the deadly pathogen causing most human malaria in sub-Saharan Africa.
Existing data from malaria indicator surveys can be used to document the substantially lower prevalence of malaria in specific large cities.