East Coast fever (ECF) is a tick-borne disease caused by the parasite Theileria parva which infects cattle.
In the study area, late first ANC clinic enrolment and fewer clinic visits may prevent the uptake of two SP doses and education on early and regular ANC clinic visits can increase IPTp coverage.
An estimated 627,000 malaria deaths occurred in 2012, mostly in African children and many of them preventable with prompt diagnosis and treatment.
The transmission of malaria by blood transfusion was one of the first recorded incidents of transfusion-transmitted infections (TTIs).
The prospects for effective malaria control and elimination are huge in South Sudan.
In areas with pyrethroid resistant vectors, LLINs with modest hole areas permit mosquito entry and feeding, providing little protection against the vectors.
Anopheles gambiae is a major vector mosquito for Plasmodium falciparum, the deadly pathogen causing most human malaria in sub-Saharan Africa.
Existing data from malaria indicator surveys can be used to document the substantially lower prevalence of malaria in specific large cities.
Delivery of ITNs through antenatal clinics presents fewer problems than delivery of IPTp.
Given the overlap of common pregnancy problems with the symptoms of malaria, and the limited association of malaria with its main outcomes, a comprehensive antenatal care programme is the most appropriate strategy for the provision of health education, prevention and treatment for MiP. Variations in locally shared understandings of MiP must however be taken into account when designing and promoting MiP intervention strategies.