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sub-Saharan African

The contribution of non-malarial febrile illness co-infections to Plasmodium falciparum case counts in health facilities in sub-Saharan Africa

June 11, 2019 - 14:52 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Ursula Dalrymple, Ewan Cameron, Peter W. Gething, et al.
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2019 18:195, 11 June 2019

The disease burden of Plasmodium falciparum malaria illness is generally estimated using one of two distinct approaches: either by transforming P. falciparum infection prevalence estimates into incidence estimates using conversion formulae; or through adjustment of counts of recorded P. falciparum-positive fever cases from clinics. Whilst both ostensibly seek to evaluate P. falciparum disease burden, there is an implicit and problematic difference in the metric being estimated. The first enumerates only symptomatic malaria cases, while the second enumerates all febrile episodes coincident with a P. falciparum infection, regardless of the fever’s underlying cause.

Reduced mosquito survival in metal-roof houses may contribute to a decline in malaria transmission in sub-Saharan Africa

June 3, 2019 - 15:05 -- Open Access
Tags: 
Author(s): 
Steve W. Lindsay, Musa Jawara, Umberto D’Alessandro, et al.
Reference: 
Scientific Reports 9, Article number: 7770

In The Gambia, metal-roof houses were hotter during the day than thatched-roof houses. After 24 h, the mortality of Anopheles gambiae, the principal African malaria vector, was 38% higher in metal-roof houses than thatched ones.

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Assessing the effects of mosquito nets on malaria mortality using a space time model: a case study of Rufiji and Ifakara Health and Demographic Surveillance System sites in rural Tanzania

May 6, 2016 - 17:48 -- Open Access
Tags: 
Author(s): 
Majige Selemani, Amina S. Msengwa, Angelina M. Lutambi, et al.
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2016 15:257, 4 May 2016

This modelling framework is appropriate and provides useful approaches to understanding the effect of mosquito nets for targeting malaria control intervention.

Medical Treatment: 

Report: Plasmodium falciparum Accompanied the Human Expansion out of Africa

July 29, 2010 - 10:27 -- Kabogo Ndegwa
Author(s): 
Kazuyuki Tanabe, Toshihiro Mita, Hirohisa Kishino, et al.
Reference: 
Current Biology, Volume 20, Issue 14, 27 July 2010, Pages 1283-1289

Plasmodium falciparum is distributed throughout the tropics and is responsible for an estimated 230 million cases of malaria every year, with a further 1.4 billion people at risk of infection [[1], [2] and [3]].

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