The analysis reveals that aqua-ligated FP has a low propensity to self-associate and that the predominant self-associated species are homodimeric hydroxide-ligated FP and heterodimeric aqua/hydroxide-ligated FP.
Our data strongly suggest that 4-aminoquinoline drugs and their metabolites exacerbate B19V-associated anemia by promoting B19V replication. Consideration should be given for choosing a non-4-aminoquinoline drug to partner artemisinin compounds in combination antimalarial therapy.
Chloroquine remains an efficacious treatment for the treatment of vivax malaria in Afghanistan. In a setting where radical therapy cannot be administered, dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine provides additional benefit in terms of post-treatment prophylaxis, reducing the incidence of recurrence from 4-8 weeks after treatment. Trial Registration The trial was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov under identifier NCT00682578.
This study details the malaria parasite's response to PfSpdSyn inhibition on the transcriptomic, proteomic and metabolic levels.
There is a predominance of chloroquine- and antifolate-resistant P. falciparum malaria in Car Nicobar, requiring an alternative antimalarial drug treatment policy, such as implementation of artesunate combination therapy (ACT), for this island.
The only in vivo malaria drug efficacy trial thus far published from the Republic of Vanuatu showed chloroquine/sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine combination therapy for P. falciparum and chloroquine alone for P. vivax to be highly efficacious.
To gain insight into early parasite stress response, mRNA expression profiles were determined for a set of 10 antioxidant defence genes in synchronized CQ-sensitive (3D7) and CQ-resistant (Dd2) clones under transient IC50 CQ-exposure (Dd2, 200 nM; 3D7, 14 nM).
Our target was to determine the Plasmodium species in the southeast region of Turkey and the therapeutic efficacy of CQ used in the treatment of malaria.
Parasite resistance to the anti-malarial drug chloroquine is common in eastern Sudan. Dynamic within-host changes in the relative abundance of both sensitive and resistant Plasmodium falciparum parasites were examined in a cohort of chloroquine-treated patients presenting with uncomplicated falciparum malaria, using a novel allele-specific quantitative approach.
ATM, mutated in ataxia telangiectasia, is critical for the genotoxic stress response and its deficiency is associated with accelerated atherosclerosis and insulin resistance in humans and mice. The anti-malarial drug chloroquine activates ATM signaling and improves metabolic phenotypes in mice.