In order to investigate whether the persistently high incidence of malaria in Burundi is due to a lack of knowledge of the disease, mothers of children admitted to the hospital of Kiremba in Burundi were anonymously administered a semi-structured questionnaire about malaria.
The guidelines emphasize appropriate case management, such as to treat for malaria only after diagnosis by means of rapid diagnostic ‘dipstick’ testing (RDT) in places where reliable light microscopy cannot be performed; and to base treatment on clinical suspicion only if parasitological diagnosis is inaccessible.
Chloroquine (CQ) resistance in P. falciparum is strongly linked to mutations in the gene pfcrt that gives rise to the protein, PfCRT (P. falciparum chloroquine resistance transporter), located in the parasite's digestive vacuole (DV) membrane .
Malarial infection is associated with complex immune and erythropoietic responses in the host.
We report the perceptions of malaria and malaria treatment behaviour, the community awareness of and perceptions about AS-AQ two years after the introduction of this ACT treatment for malaria.