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RDTs

Open Access | Programme level implementation of malaria rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) use: outcomes and cost of training health workers at lower level health care facilities in Uganda

April 23, 2012 - 14:00 -- Patrick Sampao
Author(s): 
Daniel J Kyabayinze, Carol Asiimwe, Damalie Nakanjako, Jane Nabakooza, Moses Bajabayite, Clare Strachan, James K Tibenderana and Jean-Pierre Van Geetruydan
Reference: 
BMC Public Health 2012, 12:291

MalariaWorldA cross-sectional evaluation of the health workers' competence in performing RDTs was conducted six weeks following the training, incorporating observation, in-depth interviews with health workers and the review of health facility records relating to tests offered and antimalarial drug (AMD) prescriptions pre and post training.

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Preliminary enquiry into the availability, price and quality of malaria rapid diagnostic tests in the private health sector of six malaria-endemic countries

January 18, 2012 - 07:10 -- Kabogo Ndegwa
Author(s): 
A. Albertini, D. Djalle, B. Faye, D. Gamboa, J. Luchavez, M. L. Mationg, G. Mwangoka, W. Oyibo, J. Bennett, S. Incardona and E. Lee
Reference: 
Tropical Medicine & International Health, Volume 17, Issue 2, pages 147–152, February 2012

MalariaWorldIn the private outlets sampled, the availability of RDTs was limited. Some of the RDTs whose quality we tested demonstrated inadequate sensitivity.

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Open Access | Antibiotic use among patients with febrile illness in a low malaria endemicity setting in Uganda

December 21, 2011 - 11:10 -- Kabogo Ndegwa
Author(s): 
Batwala V, Magnussen P, Nuwaha F
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2011, 10:377 (20 December 2011)

MalariaWorldPrescription of antibiotics in patients with febrile illness is high.

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Open Access | Assessment of the knowledge of graphical symbols labelled on malaria rapid diagnostic tests in four international settings

November 3, 2011 - 14:18 -- Kabogo Ndegwa
Author(s): 
Hermans V, Monzote L, Van den Sande B, Mukadi P, Sopheak T, Gillet P, Jacobs J
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2011, 10:331 (2 November 2011)

MalariaWorldComprehension of IVD symbols on RDTs among laboratory staff in four international settings was unsatisfactory.

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Open Access | Implementing ideal health policy in a fragile health system: the example of expanding the use of malaria rapid diagnostic tests in mainland Tanzania

November 1, 2011 - 09:15 -- Kabogo Ndegwa
Author(s): 
Masanja IM, De Bethune X, Jacobs J
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2011, 10:322 (28 October 2011)

MalariaWorldMalaria confirmation before treatment provides an opportunity for improving the quality of malaria case management in endemic regions.

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Open Access | Systematic review and meta-analysis: rapid diagnostic tests versus placental histology, microscopy and PCR for malaria in pregnant women

November 1, 2011 - 07:37 -- Kabogo Ndegwa
Author(s): 
Kattenberg JH, Ochodo EA, Boer KR, Schallig HD, Mens PF, Leeflang MM
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2011, 10:321 (28 October 2011)

MalariaWorldThe findings suggest that RDTs and PCR may have good performance characteristics to serve as alternatives for the diagnosis of malaria in pregnancy, besides any other limitations and practical considerations concerning the use of these tests.

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Open Access | Placental Plasmodium falciparum malaria infection: operational accuracy of HRP2 rapid diagnostic tests in a malaria endemic setting

October 20, 2011 - 08:42 -- Kabogo Ndegwa
Author(s): 
Kyabayinze DJ, Tibenderana JK, Nassali M, Tumwine LK, Riches C, Montague M, Counihan H, Hamade P, Van Geertruyden J, Meek S
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2011, 10:306 (18 October 2011)

MalariaWorldUse of HRP-2 RDTs to detect malaria in pregnancy in symptomatic women was accurate when performed by midwives.

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Evaluation of four rapid diagnostic tests for the diagnosis of Plasmodium vivax in Korea

October 11, 2011 - 06:39 -- Kabogo Ndegwa
Author(s): 
Kyung Hee Kim, Jin Woo Jang, Mi Kyung Woo, Jun Seo Oh, Eun Taek Han, Won Ja Lee, Seong Soo A. An and Chae Seung Lim
Reference: 
Tropical Medicine & International Health, Volume 16, Issue 11, pages 1427–1431, November 2011

MalariaWorldThe performances of all four malaria RDT kits were acceptable, although Humasis Malaria P.f/Pan antigen test and CareStartTM Malaria Pf/Pv Combo test gave superior performances with ROK isolates.

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Open Access | Treatment guided by rapid diagnostic tests for malaria in Tanzanian children: safety and alternative bacterial diagnoses

October 10, 2011 - 09:22 -- Kabogo Ndegwa
Author(s): 
Mtove G, Hendriksen IC, Amos B, Mrema H, Mandia V, Manjurano A, Muro F, Sykes A, Hildenwall H, Whitty CJ, Reyburn H
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2011, 10:290 (6 October 2011)

MalariaWorldUse of RDTs to direct the use of anti-malarial drugs in young children did not result in any missed diagnoses of malaria although new infections soon after a consultation with a negative RDT result may undermine confidence in results.

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Open Access | Laboratory demonstration of a prozone-like effect in HRP2-detecting malaria rapid diagnostic tests: implications for clinical management

October 4, 2011 - 06:43 -- Kabogo Ndegwa
Author(s): 
Luchavez J, Baker J, Alcantara S, Belizario V, Cheng Q, McCarthy JS, Bell D
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2011, 10:286 (29 September 2011)

These results suggest that false-negative malaria RDT results will rarely occur due to a prozone-like effect in high-density infections, and other causes are more likely.

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