Drug combination therapy is the frontline of malaria treatment.
The quinoline scaffold is prevalent in a variety of pharmacologically active synthetic and natural compounds. The discovery of chloroquine, the most famous drug containing this scaffold resulted in control and eradication of malaria for decades. The other known antimalarial drugs from the quinoline family include: quinine, amodiaquine, piperaquine, primaquine, and mefloquine.
The analysis reveals that aqua-ligated FP has a low propensity to self-associate and that the predominant self-associated species are homodimeric hydroxide-ligated FP and heterodimeric aqua/hydroxide-ligated FP.