These findings support the notion that FQ could be useful in treating persons with P. falciparum malaria.
In the current study, ex vivo FQ activity was tested in multidrug-resistant P. falciparum and P. vivax field isolates using a schizont maturation assay.
These phase I trials showed that clinically, ferroquine was generally well-tolerated up to 1,600 mg as single dose and up to 800 mg as repeated dose in asymptomatic young male with P. falciparum infection.
A bioorganometallic approach to malaria therapy led to the discovery of ferroquine (FQ, SSR97193). To assess the importance of the electronic properties of the ferrocenyl group, cyclopentadienyltricarbonylrhenium analogues related to FQ, were synthesized.
The novel organometallic chloroquine analog ferroquine (SSR 97193) is effective against chloroquine-resistant Plasmodium falciparum. The ex vivo efficacy of ferroquine against Plasmodium vivax isolates was tested. Ferroquine has a potent ex vivo effect on P. vivax schizont maturation (median 50% inhibitory concentration, 15 nM; n = 42).