This study examined ITN ownership and underlying factors for among-household variation in use, and malaria transmission in two highland regions of western Kenya.
We discuss how the application of molecular techniques has led to the identification of submicroscopic gametocyte carriage and to a reassessment of the human infectious reservoir.
Malaria caused by Plasmodium falciparum results in approximately 1 million annual deaths worldwide, with young children and pregnant mothers at highest risk.
UN-Experts on DDT recommend stricter rules when DDT is used for malaria vector control. Their report published ahead of the 5th Conference of the Parties to the Stockholm Convention (COP-5, Geneva April 25-29, 2011), shows more and more concern about effects of DDT on human health as well as on the environment. Their report was released last week, showing that the international community might be moving towards new rules on the use of DDT.
To our knowledge, this is the first case of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) secondary to blood transfusion related P. ovale malaria infection in a non-endemic country.
We investigated the ability of molecular parameters to explain differences in the risk of P. falciparum infection and disease between wet and dry seasons, among age groups and with respect to insecticide-treated mosquito net use.
Although the spread of drug resistance and the influence of climate change on malaria are most often considered separately, these factors have the potential to interact through altered levels of transmission intensity.
We first used laboratory-prepared samples to compare 2 DNA extraction and 4 PCR detection methods across a range of pool sizes and parasite densities. Pooled Chelex extraction of DNA, followed by nested PCR of cytochrome b, was the optimal strategy, allowing reliable detection of a single low-parasitemic sample (100 parasites/µl) in pool sizes up to 50.
This cross-sectional study was conducted during 2006-2008 in two states of India, Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh, at 7 facilities representing a range of rural and urban populations and areas of more versus less stable malaria transmission.
This Seminar, which is aimed at clinicians who manage children with malaria,especially in resource-poor settings, discusses present knowledge and controversies in relation to the epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of malaria in children.