Infants and other vulnerable groups were most likely to sleep under the most protective nets. Nevertheless, more communication efforts are needed to increase use of intact ITNs within households for children.
Whilst household income is the strongest determinant of mosquito net ownership, selected knowledge elements are associated with net use. It is necessary to improve financial accessibility to nets and to communicate that malaria is a disease transmitted by mosquitoes that could be fatal in children.
Our data show that the mating plug is an important feature of An. gambiae reproduction, and reinforce the notion that a deeper understanding of mosquito reproductive biology can aid efforts to eradicate these disease vectors.