Targeting blood-feeding mosquitoes by treating livestock with endectocides offers a potentially useful complement to existing malaria control programmes centred on LLIN distribution.
long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs)
This study showed that the new-generation LLINs treated with pyrethroids and PBO showed better efficacy compared to conventional LLINs.
These findings pinpoint the need for more frequent replacement of LLINs especially for people with low SES and also the need for the promotion of good practices on the maintenance and washing of nets.
This pilot study could not provide definitive evidence that fans increase net use.
The general acceptance of the net fan system by the study participants highlights the potential of the intervention to improve comfort inside mosquito nets.
These results established the usefulness of COMBI strategy for increasing awareness about malaria, developing a positive perception towards malaria prevention and, increasing the utilization of LLINs.
Malaria transmission has been substantially reduced across Africa through the distribution of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs).
These continuous LLIN distribution channels appear to be under-utilized, especially EPI-based distribution.
Two-to-four years after a mass campaign, only 39 % of distributed nets remain both present and in serviceable physical condition, a functional survival considerably below WHO assumptions of 50 % survival of a ‘three-year’ net.
Both East African and Ifakara huts performed in a similar way although Ifakara huts allowed more mosquitoes to enter, increasing data power.