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long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs)

Nationwide insecticide resistance status and biting behaviour of malaria vector species in the Democratic Republic of Congo

March 28, 2018 - 15:41 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Francis Wat’senga, Emile Zola Manzambi, Richard M. Oxborough, et al.
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2018 17:129, 27 March 2018

The finding of widespread resistance to permethrin in DRC is concerning and alternative insecticides should be evaluated.

Mosquito net coverage in years between mass distributions: a case study of Tanzania, 2013

March 6, 2018 - 15:16 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Zawadi M. Mboma, Hans J. Overgaard, Sarah Moore, John Bradley, Jason Moore, Dennis J. Massue, Karen Kramer, Jo Lines and Lena M. Lorenz
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2018 17:100, 1 March 2018

Two years after the last mass campaign, the percentage of households or population with access to LLINs was low.

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Decreasing proportion of Anopheles darlingi biting outdoors between long-lasting insecticidal net distributions in peri-Iquitos, Amazonian Peru

February 21, 2018 - 17:14 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Catharine Prussing, Marta Moreno, Jan E. Conn, et al.
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2018 17:86, 20 February 2018

This study identified a decreasing proportion of exophagic An. darlingi in two villages in the years between LLIN distributions.

A qualitative study of use of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) for intended and unintended purposes in Adami Tullu, East Shewa Zone, Ethiopia

February 7, 2018 - 16:05 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Zerihun Doda, Tarekegn Solomon, Eskindir Loha, Taye Gari and Bernt Lindtjørn
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2018 17:69, 6 February 2018

Behavioural, socio-cultural, economic and ecological conditions coupled with deficiencies in perceived bed net design and distribution policies; weak education, communication and social support structures were important in understanding and accounting for why a low level of intended use and a rampant misuse and repurposed use in Adami Tullu community of Ethiopia.

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Impact of insecticide resistance in Anopheles arabiensis on malaria incidence and prevalence in Sudan and the costs of mitigation

December 27, 2017 - 12:52 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Hmooda Toto Kafy, Bashir Adam Ismail, Immo Kleinschmidt, et al.
Reference: 
PNAS December 26, 2017 vol. 114 no. 52 E11267-E11275

Insecticide-based interventions have contributed to ∼78% of the reduction in the malaria burden in sub-Saharan Africa since 2000.

A village level cluster-randomized entomological evaluation of combination long-lasting insecticidal nets containing pyrethroid plus PBO synergist in Southern Mali

November 22, 2017 - 15:38 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Moussa B. M. Cisse, Djibril Sangare, Christen Fornadel, et al.
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2017 16:477, 21 November 2017

While there was some evidence that An. gambiae s.l. sporozoite rates were lower in villages with deltamethrin + PBO LLINs during the high malaria transmission seasons of 2014–2015, there was no reduction in parity rates or indoor resting densities.

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Insecticide resistance in Anopheles arabiensis from Ethiopia (2012–2016): a nationwide study for insecticide resistance monitoring

November 20, 2017 - 15:39 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Louisa A. Messenger, Josephat Shililu, Delenasaw Yewhalaw, et al.
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2017 16:469, 18 November 2017

Data generated by this study will strengthen the National Malaria Control Programme’s insecticide resistance management strategy to safeguard continued efficacy of IRS and other malaria control methods in Ethiopia.

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Monitoring of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) coverage versus utilization: a community-based survey in malaria endemic villages of Central India

November 20, 2017 - 15:34 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Kamaraju Raghavendra, Mehul Kumar Chourasia, Dipak Kumar Swain, Rajendra M. Bhatt, Sreehari Uragayala, G. D. P. Dutta and Immo Kleinschmidt
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2017 16:467, 17 November 2017

Universal coverage of LLINs was inadequate in the study clusters making it difficult for all household members to use an LLIN.

Implementation strategies to increase access and demand of long-lasting insecticidal nets: a before-and-after study and scale-up process in Mozambique

October 30, 2017 - 15:07 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Jorge A. H. Arroz, Chandana Mendis, Liliana Pinto, Baltazar Candrinho, João Pinto and Maria do Rosário O. Martins
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2017 16:429, 25 October 2017

Stage I results achieved better LLINs and household coverage in districts with the newly implemented strategies.

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Assessing bed net damage: comparisons of three measurement methods for estimating the size, shape, and distribution of holes on bed nets

October 11, 2017 - 14:13 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Jodi L. Vanden Eng, Don P. Mathanga, Keren Landman, Dyson Mwandama, Anna A. Minta, Monica Shah, James Sutcliffe, Joseph Chisaka, Kim A. Lindblade and Laura Steinhardt
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2017 16:405, 10 October 2017

The WHOPES method overestimated total hole area, likely because holes are elongated rather than circular, suggesting further adjustments to the pHI formula may be warranted when considering LLIN replacement strategies.

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