The results suggest that An. subpictus species B/An. sundaicus breed in fresh, brackish and nearly saline water while An. subpictus species C and D do so in fresh and less brackish waters in Sri Lanka as in India.
The study suggests that published morphological characteristics are not specific enough to identify some members of the Subpictus complex, particularly species B.
Anopheles subpictus is a complex of four isomorphic sibling species A, B, C and D and is recognized as a primary vector of malaria, a disease of great socio-economic importance, in Australasian Zone, Celebes, Portuguese Timor and South East Asia and a secondary vector in Sri Lanka.
Insecticides of botanical origin may serve as suitable alternative biocontrol techniques in the future. The leaf acetone, ethyl acetate, and methanol extracts of Aegle marmelos (Linn.) Correa ex Roxb, Andrographis lineata Wallich ex Nees, and Cocculus hirsutus (L.) Diels were tested for oviposition-deterrent, ovicidal, and repellent activities against Anopheles subpictus Grassi (Diptera: Culicidae).