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fever

NOT Open Access | Scaling-up attention to nonmalaria acute undifferentiated fever

May 23, 2012 - 13:05 -- Patrick Sampao
Author(s): 
Cho Naing, Ani Izzuani Binti Mohd Kassim
Reference: 
Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Volume 106, Issue 6, June 2012, Pages 331-332

MalariaWorldStudies have reported that only a small fraction of fever cases in malaria–endemic areas are actually caused by malaria. Much greater emphasis is now needed to step up attention to the appropriate management of nonmalarial acute undifferentiated febrile illness.

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Open Access | Use of RDTs to improve malaria diagnosis and fever case management at primary health care facilities in Uganda

July 13, 2010 - 14:54 -- Kabogo Ndegwa
Author(s): 
Kyabayinze DJ, Asiimwe C, Nakanjako D, Nabakooza J, Counihan H, Tibenderana JK
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2010, 9:200 (12 July 2010)

Use of RDTs resulted in a 2-fold reduction in anti-malarial drug prescription at LLHCFs. The study demonstrated that RDT use is feasible at LLHCFs, and can lead to better targetting of malaria treatment.

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Open Access | Accuracy of a rapid diagnostic test on the diagnosis of malaria infection and of malaria - attributable fever during low and high transmission season in Burkina Faso

July 8, 2010 - 14:13 -- Kabogo Ndegwa
Author(s): 
Bisoffi Z, Sirima SB, Menten J, Pattaro C, Angheben A, Gobbi F, Tinto H, Lodesani C, Neya B, Gobbo M, Van den Ende J
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2010, 9:192 (7 July 2010)

In the dry season the RDT has a low positive predictive value, but a very high negative predictive value for malaria-attributable fever. In the rainy season the negative test safely excludes malaria in adults but not in children.

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Open Access | Estimating the Number of Paediatric Fevers Associated with Malaria Infection Presenting to Africa's Public Health Sector in 2007

July 8, 2010 - 07:58 -- Kabogo Ndegwa
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Author(s): 
Peter W. Gething, Viola C. Kirui, Victor A. Alegana, Emelda A. Okiro, Abdisalan M. Noor, Robert W. Snow
Reference: 
PLoS Med 7(7): e1000301

Spatial estimates of childhood fevers and care-seeking rates can be combined with a relational risk model of infection prevalence in the community to estimate the degree of parasitemia in those fevers reaching public health facilities.

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Open Access | Treatment choices for fevers in children under-five years in a rural Ghanaian district

June 29, 2010 - 12:35 -- Kabogo Ndegwa
Author(s): 
Nonvignon J, Aikins MK, Chinbuah MA, Abbey M, Gyapong M, Garshong BN, Fia S, Gyapong JO
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2010, 9:188 (28 June 2010)

The results of this study imply that efforts at curbing under-five mortality due to malaria and pneumonia need to take into account care-seeking behaviour of caregivers of under-fives as well as implementation of strategies.

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Fever, malaria and primary repetition rates amongst school children in Mali: Combining demographic and health surveys (DHS) with spatial malariological measures

June 14, 2010 - 13:43 -- Patrick Sampao
Author(s): 
Josselin Thuilliez
Reference: 
Social Science & Medicine, Volume 71, Issue 2, July 2010, Pages 314-323

This study estimates the relative importance to child school performance (indicated by primary repetition) of fever, malaria and some social determinants at the cluster level.

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Open Access | Can treatment of malaria be restricted to parasitologically confirmed malaria? A school-based study in Benin in children with and without fever

April 22, 2010 - 13:42 -- Kabogo Ndegwa
Author(s): 
Faucher J, Makoutode P, Abiou G, Beheton T, Houze P, Ouendo E, Houze S, Deloron P, Cot M
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2010, 9:104 (21 April 2010)

Applying a policy of restricting anti-malarials to RDT-confirmed cases is consistent with an adequate management of fevers in this population. Further studies on the management of fever in younger children are of upmost importance.

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Open Access | The relationship between reported fever and Plasmodium falciparum infection in African children

April 20, 2010 - 09:33 -- Kabogo Ndegwa
Author(s): 
Okiro EA, Snow RW
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2010, 9:99 (19 April 2010)

The potential benefits of diagnosis will depend on the prevalence of infection among children who report fever. The study has demonstrated a predictable relationship between parasite prevalence in the community and risks of infection among febrile children suggesting that current maps of parasite prevalence could be used to guide diagnostic strategies in Africa.

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Syndromic Diagnosis of Malaria in Rural Sierra Leone and Proposed Additions to the National Integrated Management of Childhood Illness Guidelines for Fever

April 13, 2010 - 08:08 -- Patrick Sampao
Author(s): 
Obinna N. Nnedu, Bryan Rimel, Carey Terry, Heidi Jalloh-Vos, Brima Baryon, AND Daniel G. Bausch
Reference: 
American Journal of Tropical Medicine Hygiene, Vol 82 : 4, 2010, pp. 525-528

In a multivariate analysis, splenomegaly (P = 0.04) was the only clinical sign significantly associated with laboratory-confirmed malaria, and sleeping under a bed net was protective (P = 0.05). Our findings show that clinical malaria is diagnosed relatively accurately in rural Sierra Leone.

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Rural–urban differences in health-seeking for the treatment of childhood malaria in south-east Nigeria

March 26, 2010 - 16:03 -- Patrick Sampao
Author(s): 
Theodora A. Okeke, Joseph C. Okeibunor
Reference: 
Health Policy, Volume 95, Issue 1, April 2010, Pages 62-68

Urban and rural mothers differed in their responses to childhood fevers. Training drug vendors and caretakers are important measures to improve malaria control. Health facilities with good quality services and readily available drugs should be provided.

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