This paradox can be interpreted as the evolution of a plastic strategy of feeding behavior in this field population of An. gambiae because of the greater accessibility of readily available, although less-preferred, hosts.
Transfer RNAs (tRNAs) are ancient macromolecules that have evolved under various environmental pressures as adaptors in translation in all forms of life but also towards alternative structures and functions. The present knowledge on both “canonical” and “deviating” signature motifs retrieved from vertical and horizontal sequence comparisons is briefly reviewed.
These field trials argue in favour of the strategy of mixing repellent and organophosphate on bed nets to better control resistant malaria vectors.
The results indicate that M. anisopliae IP 46 has the potential to be a bio-control agent for African malaria vector species, and is a suitable candidate for further research and development.
Here, we characterized the temporal and spatial expression of the Anopheles gambiae nitric oxide synthase gene and explored the role nitric oxide plays in the antibacterial response in the mosquito hemocoel.
In a retrospective study, the authors show that the abundance, distribution and malaria transmission of different malaria vectors are driven by different environmental factors.
Pyrethroid resistance is now widespread in Anopheles gambiae, the major vector for malaria in sub-Saharan Africa. This resistance may compromise malaria vector control strategies that are currently in use in endemic areas. In this context, a new tool for management of resistant mosquitoes based on the combination of a pyrethroid-treated bed net and carbamate-treated plastic sheeting was developed.