This Phase 2 trial of a bivalent AMA1 malaria vaccine found no evidence of vaccine selection or strain-specific efficacy, suggesting that the extreme genetic diversity of AMA1 did not account for failure of the vaccine to provide protection.
Plasmodium falciparum is a highly lethal malaria parasite of humans. A major portion of its life cycle is dedicated to invading and multiplying inside erythrocytes. The molecular mechanisms of erythrocyte invasion are incompletely understood. P. falciparum depends heavily on sialic acid present on glycophorins to invade erythrocytes.
This study describes P. falciparum malaria incidence models linked with meteorological data. Variability in the models was principally attributed to regional differences, and a single model was not found that fits all locations.
The new method for parasite synchronization results in highly synchronized populations of parasites, which will be useful for studies of the parasite asexual cell cycle.
Nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates, drugs used to treat bone resorption diseases, also have activity against a broad range of protists, including blood-stage Plasmodium spp. Here, we show that new-generation "lipophilic" bisphosphonates designed as anticancer agents that block protein prenylation also have potent activity against Plasmodium liver stages, with a high (>100) therapeutic index.
The C-terminal 19 and 42 kDa fragments of Plasmodium falciparum merozoite surface protein 1 (MSP-1) have shown to be protective in animals against lethal parasite challenge.
Two pyrrolizidinylalkyl derivatives of 4-amino-7-chloroquinoline (MG2 and MG3) were prepared and tested in vitro against CQ-sensitive and CQ-resistant strains of Plasmodium falciparum and in vivo in a Plasmodium berghei mouse model of infection.
This study provides additional evidence for the crucial role of gene flow and drug selective pressures in the rapid spread of SP resistance in P. falciparum populations, from only a few mutation events giving rise to resistance-associated mutants.
In this work, C3d exerted differential effects on humoral immune responses after gene gun immunization of mice with plasmids encoding the malaria blood stage antigen MSP142 depending on the nature of the protein Plasmodium falciparum vs. Plasmodium berghei MSP), the localization of the C3d moiety (C-terminal vs. N-terminal), and the presence of putative N-glycosylation sites.
In the Democratic Republic of East Timor, Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax malaria coexist, but limited information is available about the latter species. Consequently, the prevalence of P. vivax and of its corresponding antifolate resistance-associated mutations in the pvdhfr and pvdhps genes was assessed here.