Here, we present a comparative analysis of the antimicrobial responses of two distantly related disease vectors: Aedes aegypti and Anopheles gambiae. Survival studies showed that Ae. aegypti are more proficient in surviving a bacterial infection than An. gambiae, and this correlates with Ae. aegypti’s superior ability to kill bacteria in their hemocoels.
This study investigated the impact of senescence and blood feeding on insecticide induced mortality in six different mosquito populations and found higher mortality after insecticide exposure in older mosquitoes in three populations of Aedes aegypti and two Anopheles gambiae populations.
Our results suggest that these genes and the related pathways may be under translational selection in these mosquitoes.