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China

Mass drug administration for the control and elimination of Plasmodium vivax malaria: an ecological study from Jiangsu province, China

November 6, 2013 - 10:40 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Hsiang MS, Hwang J, Tao AR, Liu Y, Bennett A, Shanks GD, Cao J, Kachur SP, Feachem RG, Gosling RD, Gao Q
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2013, 12 :383 (1 November 2013)
MalariaWorld

In Jiangsu Province, China, large-scale MDA was implemented and associated with declines in high P. vivax malaria transmission; a more recent focal approach may have contributed to interruption of transmission.

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Genetic variations of ND5 gene of mtDNA in populations of Anopheles sinensis (Diptera: Culicidae) malaria vector in China

October 17, 2013 - 16:38 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Makhawi AM, Liu X, Yang S, Liu Q
Reference: 
Parasites & Vectors 2013, 6 :290 (8 October 2013)
MalariaWorld

The present study investigated the genetic structure of An. sinensis populations using a 729 bp fragment of mtDNA ND5 among 10 populations collected from seven provinces in China.

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The Anopheles community and the role of Anopheles minimus on malaria transmission on the China-Myanmar border

September 17, 2013 - 06:34 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Yu G, Yan G, Zhang N, Zhong D, Wang Y, He Z, Yan Z, Fu W, Yang F, Chen B
Reference: 
Parasites & Vectors 2013, 6:264 (13 September 2013)
MalariaWorld

Anopheles is abundant with An. minimus being the dominant species and having a high human blood index along the China-Myanmar border. The sporozoites in An. minimus were determined to be Plasmodium vivax with a 0.07-0.7% infection rate.

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Not Open Access | Blood Stage of Plasmodium vivax in Central China Is Still Susceptible to Chloroquine Plus Primaquine Combination Therapy

July 29, 2013 - 18:32 -- NOT Open Access
Author(s): 
Guoding Zhu, Feng Lu, Jun Cao, Huayun Zhou, Yaobao Liu, Eun-Taek Han ,Qi Gao
Reference: 
Am J Trop Med Hyg 2013 89:184-187
MalariaWorld

To measure the effectiveness and safety of CQ-PQ among vivax malaria patients, a total of 39 subjects with monoinfection vivax malaria was enrolled in a study from 2008 to 2009. There were no recrudescence or danger signs observed within the 28-day follow-up period, showing that blood stage of P. vivax isolates from central China is still susceptible to CQ plus PQ combination therapy.

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Students' awareness of malaria at the beginning of national malaria elimination programme in China

July 16, 2013 - 15:56 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Yin J, Wang R, Xia Z, Zhou S, Zhou X, Zhang Q, Feng X
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2013, 12:237 (12 July 2013)
MalariaWorld

This study aimed to investigate the level of malaria awareness in students at elementary and high schools in malaria endemic areas of China, and to provide the baseline information for the malaria elimination.

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Plasmodium vivax aldolase-specific monoclonal antibodies and its application in clinical diagnosis of malaria infections in China

June 20, 2013 - 16:52 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Dzakah EE, Kang K, Ni C, Wang H, Wu P, Tang S, Wang J, Wang J, Wang X
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2013, 12:199 (12 June 2013)
MalariaWorld

This study further elucidates the possibility of developing aldolase-specific RDTs which can differentiate the different Plasmodium infections and improve accurate diagnosis of malaria.

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A potential threat to malaria elimination: extensive deltamethrin and DDT resistance to Anopheles sinensis from the malaria-endemic areas in China

May 21, 2013 - 09:01 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Wang D, Xia Z, Zhou S, Zhou X, Wang R, Zhang Q
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2013, 12:164 (17 May 2013)
MalariaWorld

Anopheles sinensis was completely resistant to both deltamethrin and DDT, and resistance to pyrethroid has risen strikingly compared to that recorded during 1990s.

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Verification of clinically diagnosed cases during malaria elimination programme in Guizhou Province of China

April 18, 2013 - 07:11 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Yin J, Xia Z, Yan H, Huang Y, Lu L, Geng Y, Xiao N, Xu J, He P, Zhou S
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2013, 12:130 (15 April 2013)
MalariaWorld

No inconsistent results were found against the reported case information in the present study and the reasons for clinically diagnosed patients remains unclear

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Not Open Access | The discovery of Artemisia annua L. in the Shengjindian cemetery, Xinjiang, China and its implications for early uses of traditional Chinese herbal medicine qinghao

February 19, 2013 - 04:53 -- NOT Open Access
Author(s): 
Huan Liu, Xiaofei Tian, Yongbing Zhang, Changsui Wang, Hongen Jiang
Reference: 
Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 146, Issue 1, 7 March 2013, Pages 278-286
MalariaWorld

This is the first material archaeological evidence to date despite numerous records of A. annua in ancient Chinese texts as herbal medicine qinghao, though it seems to have been employed as odor suppressant, not for medical purpose.

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Not Open Access | Population genetics of the malaria vector Anopheles aconitus in China and Southeast Asia.

November 12, 2012 - 05:37 -- NOT Open Access
Author(s): 
Bin Chen, Ralph E. Harbach, Catherine Walton, Zhengbo He, DaibinZhong, Guiyun Yan, Roger K. Butlin
Reference: 
Infection, Genetics and Evolution, Volume 12, Issue 8, December 2012, Pages 1958-1967
MalariaWorld

Anopheles aconitus is a well-known vector of malaria and is broadly distributed in the Oriental Region, yet there is no information on its population genetic characteristics. In this study, the genetic differentiation among populations was examined using 140 mtDNA COII sequences from 21 sites throughout Southern China, Myanmar, Vietnam, Thailand, Laos and Sri Lanka. The population in Sri Lanka has characteristic rDNA D3 and ITS2, mtDNA COII and ND5 haplotypes, and may be considered a distinct subspecies.

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