Hubei Province has made significant achievements in controlling and eliminating malaria; however, the region now faces some challenges associated with the increasing number and distribution of imported malaria cases.
The Anopheles community was spread across different elevation levels.
Village doctors and who served in Type 3 counties were identified as the ones in urgent need of effective training.
This study found most CDC staff endorsed the statement that climate change had a negative impact on infectious disease transmission.
The public awareness of malaria needs to improve continuously. Health education campaigns should focus on basic malaria knowledge and cover target populations.
Imported malaria infections among Chinese labourers, returned from various countries, poses an increasing challenge to the malaria elimination programme in China
Malaria elimination in China faces the challenge of imported malaria, especially imported P. falciparum.
The G119S mutation has become fixed and is widespread in An. sinensis field populations in Guangxi, China.
The results on the genetic structure of P. falciparum populations from South China provide a basis for developing a genetic marker-based tool to trace the source of the parasite infections and consequently improve malaria control and elimination strategies.
Chinese studies on malaria mainly focus on the epidemiology and biomedical fields, this study offers a systematic evaluation on the output of malaria studies and the elimination of malaria in China.