The overall low prevalence of P. falciparum was confirmed in Chey Saen district in Cambodia, while there were important variations between villages.
These data indicate that cow-baited tents are highly effective in sampling diverse Anopheles malaria vectors in Cambodia.
There is potential in two of the interventions assessed, but high mobility and inadequate exposure of seasonal workers to these interventions must be considered in the development and planning of future interventions to avoid investing in low-impact activities and ensure that all interventions perform according to their maximum potential.
Pyronaridine-artesunate efficacy for the treatment of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria was assessed in an area of artemisinin resistance in western Cambodia.
The gene flow between these subpopulations might have driven the spread of artemisinin resistance over Cambodia.
The use of iBCC supported positive improvements in both attitudes and behaviours among the population with regard to malaria compared to mass media (niBCC) only.
Continued implementation of successful public and private sector strategies in support of evolving malaria drug treatment policies will be important to protect the efficacy of anti-malarial medicines and ultimately facilitate malaria elimination in Cambodia by 2025.
Our findings demonstrate that this high-throughput genotyping assay is efficient in characterizing P. vivax diversity and can provide valuable insights to assess the efficacy of malaria elimination programs or to monitor the spread of specific parasites.
This paper describes ERAR’s work on supporting Cambodia’s transition to malaria elimination by identifying national operational research priorities
PD offers a promising tool in malaria control and elimination settings.