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Myanmar

Genetic diversity, natural selection and haplotype grouping of Plasmodium vivax Duffy-binding protein genes from eastern and western Myanmar borders

December 2, 2019 - 18:07 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Hu Y, Wang L, Mbenda HGN, Soe MT, Yu C, Feng H, Kyaw MP, Cui L, Zhu X, Cao Y
Reference: 
Parasite Vectors. 2019 Nov 20;12(1):546

Merozoite proteins of the malaria parasites involved in the invasion of red blood cells are selected by host immunity and their diversity is greatly influenced by changes in Myanmar malaria epidemiology. In the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS), malaria transmission is concentrated along the international borders and there have been major changes in malaria epidemiology with Plasmodium vivax becoming the dominant species in many regions. Here, we aimed to evaluate the genetic diversity of P. vivax Duffy-binding protein gene domain II (pvdbp-II) in isolates from the eastern and western borders of Myanmar, and compared it with that from global P. vivax populations.

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Health education through mass media announcements by loudspeakers about malaria care: prevention and practice among people living in a malaria endemic area of northern Myanmar

November 18, 2019 - 16:31 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Pyae Linn Aung, Tepanata Pumpaibool, Than Naing Soe, Jessica Burgess, Lynette J. Menezes, Myat Phone Kyaw and Liwang Cui
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2019 18:362, 12 November 2019

Interventions to raise community awareness about malaria prevention and treatment have used various approaches with little evidence on their efficacy. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of loudspeaker announcements regarding malaria care and prevention practices among people living in the malaria endemic villages of Banmauk Township, Sagaing Region, Myanmar.

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Barriers in distribution, ownership and utilization of insecticide-treated mosquito nets among migrant population in Myanmar, 2016: a mixed methods study

May 14, 2019 - 15:55 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Shwe Yi Linn, Thae Maung Maung, Jaya Prasad Tripathy, Hemant Deepak Shewade, Swai Mon Oo, Zaw Linn and Aung Thi
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2019 18:172, 14 May 2019

Sleeping under insecticide-treated mosquito nets/long-lasting insecticidal nets (ITNs/LLINs henceforth referred to as ITNs) is one of the core interventions recommended by the World Health Organization to reduce malaria transmission and prevent malaria in high-risk communities, such as migrants, by preventing mosquito bites. The malaria burden among the migrant population is a big challenge for malaria elimination in Myanmar. In this context, this study aimed to assess the ownership and utilization of ITNs and to understand the barriers to distribution and utilization of ITNs among the high-risk migrant communities in the Regional Artemisinin Resistance Initiative (RAI) project areas of Myanmar.

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The role of monitoring and evaluation to ensure functional access to community-based early diagnosis and treatment in a malaria elimination programme in Eastern Myanmar

February 28, 2019 - 15:30 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Jade D. Rae, Suphak Nosten, Jordi Landier, et al.
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2019 18:50, 22 February 2019

The malaria posts operating under the METF programme perform to a high standard, with the majority offering uninterrupted access to diagnosis and treatment, and high service uptake in the villages serviced by the programme.

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Are village health volunteers as good as basic health staffs in providing malaria care? A country wide analysis from Myanmar, 2015

June 26, 2018 - 16:20 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Nay Yi Yi Linn, Soundappan Kathirvel, Mrinalini Das, Badri Thapa, Md. Mushfiqur Rahman, Thae Maung Maung, Aye Mon Mon Kyaw, Aung Thi and Zaw Lin
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2018 17:242, 20 June 2018

The VHV were more accessible to children and women than BHS in providing malaria screening services.

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Population genetic structure and natural selection of Plasmodium falciparum apical membrane antigen-1 in Myanmar isolates

February 13, 2018 - 15:27 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Jung-Mi Kang, Jinyoung Lee, Byoung-Kuk Na, et al.
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2018 17:71, 7 February 2018

Myanmar PfAMA-1 showed similar patterns of nucleotide diversity and amino acid polymorphisms compared to those of global PfAMA-1.

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Estimation on local transmission of malaria by serological approach under low transmission setting in Myanmar

January 8, 2018 - 16:06 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Myat Htut Nyunt, Than Naing Soe, Eun-Taek Han, et al.
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2018 17:6, 5 January 2018

These findings support that PfMSP1-19 and PvMSP1-19 are suggested for serosurveillance of the malaria especially in low transmission setting for further necessary actions have to be carried out to eliminate the malaria.

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Plasmodium falciparum Kelch 13 mutations and treatment response in patients in Hpa-Pun District, Northern Kayin State, Myanmar

November 29, 2017 - 15:31 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Craig A. Bonnington, Aung Pyae Phyo, Elizabeth A. Ashley, Mallika Imwong, Kanlaya Sriprawat, Daniel M. Parker, Stephane Proux, Nicholas J. White and Francois Nosten
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2017 16:480, 25 November 2017

This study provides evidence of artemisinin resistance in a remote part of eastern Myanmar.

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Understanding malaria treatment-seeking preferences within the public sector amongst mobile/migrant workers in a malaria elimination scenario: a mixed-methods study

November 14, 2017 - 15:56 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Aung Ye Naung Win, Thae Maung Maung, Khin Thet Wai, Tin Oo, Aung Thi, Rungrawee Tipmontree, Ngamphol Soonthornworasiri, Mondha Kengganpanich and Jaranit Kaewkungwal
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2017 16:462, 13 November 2017

Mitigating key drivers that favour poor utilization of public-sector services among highly mobile migrant workers in less stable work-settings should be given priority in a malaria-elimination setting.

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Chloroquine efficacy for Plasmodium vivax in Myanmar in populations with high genetic diversity and moderate parasite gene flow

July 11, 2017 - 12:53 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Myo Win Htun, Nan Cho Nwe Mon, Kamala Thriemer, et al.
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2017 16:281, 10 July 2017

Treatment failures after chloroquine were observed following chloroquine monotherapy, with pvmdr1 amplification present in both Myawaddy and Shwegyin.

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