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Mozambique

Open Access | Comparison of infant malaria incidence in districts of Maputo province, Mozambique

April 23, 2011 - 07:53 -- Kabogo Ndegwa
Author(s): 
Orlando P Zacarias, Peter Majlender
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2011, 10:93 (17 April 2011)

The model revealed a spatial and temporal pattern of malaria incidence. These patterns were found to exhibit a stable malaria transmission in most non-coastal districts.

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Open Access | Safety, Immunogenicity and Duration of Protection of the RTS,S/AS02D Malaria Vaccine: One Year Follow-Up of a Randomized Controlled Phase I/IIb Trial

November 19, 2010 - 12:41 -- Kabogo Ndegwa
Author(s): 
Pedro Aide, John J. Aponte, Pedro L. Alonso, et al.
Reference: 
PLoS ONE 5(11): e13838

The RTS,S/AS02D malaria vaccine administered to young infants has a good safety profile and remains efficacious over 14 months.

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Open Access | Procalcitonin and C-Reactive Protein for Invasive Bacterial Pneumonia Diagnosis among Children in Mozambique, a Malaria-Endemic Area

October 22, 2010 - 11:55 -- Kabogo Ndegwa
Author(s): 
Núria Díez-Padrisa, Quique Bassat, Sonia Machevo, Llorenç Quintó, Luis Morais, Tacilta Nhampossa, Cristina O'Callaghan-Gordo, Antoni Torres, Pedro L. Alonso, Anna Roca
Reference: 
PLoS ONE 5(10): e13226

Presence of malaria parasites should be taken into consideration, either for clinical or epidemiological purposes, if using PCT or CRP to differentiate viral from invasive bacterial pneumonia in malaria-endemic areas.

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Open Access | Cost-Effectiveness of Intermittent Preventive Treatment of Malaria in Pregnancy in Southern Mozambique

October 22, 2010 - 10:12 -- Kabogo Ndegwa
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Author(s): 
Elisa Sicuri, Azucena Bardají, Tacilta Nhampossa, Maria Maixenchs, Ariel Nhacolo, Delino Nhalungo, Pedro L. Alonso, Clara Menéndez
Reference: 
PLoS ONE 5(10): e13407

IPTp-SP was highly cost-effective for both prevention of maternal malaria and reduction of neonatal mortality in Mozambique. These findings are likely to hold for other settings where IPTp-SP is implemented through ANC visits.

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Open Access | Ownership and usage of insecticide-treated bed nets after free distribution via a voucher system in two provinces of Mozambique

August 5, 2010 - 12:45 -- Kabogo Ndegwa
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Author(s): 
Macedo de Oliveira A, Wolkon A, Krishnamurthy R, Erskine M, Crenshaw DP, Roberts J, Saute F
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2010, 9:222 (4 August 2010)

This ITN distribution increased bed net ownership and usage rates. Integration of ITN distribution with immunization campaigns presents an opportunity for reaching malaria control targets and should continue to be considered.

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Open Access | High Level of Pyrethroid Resistance in an Anopheles funestus Population of the Chokwe District in Mozambique

June 11, 2010 - 09:12 -- Kabogo Ndegwa
Author(s): 
Nelson Cuamba, John C. Morgan, Helen Irving, Andrew Steven, Charles S. Wondji
Reference: 
PLoS ONE 5(6): e11010.

The high level of pyrethroid resistance in this population despite the cessation of pyrethroid use for IRS in 1999 is a serious concern for resistance management strategies such as rotational use of insecticides. As DDT has now been re-introduced for IRS, susceptibility to DDT needs to be closely monitored to prevent the appearance and spread of resistance to this insecticide.

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Five Years of Large-Scale dhfr and dhps Mutation Surveillance Following the Phased Implementation of Artesunate Plus Sulfadoxine-Pyrimethamine in Maputo Province, Southern Mozambique

May 4, 2010 - 14:10 -- Patrick Sampao
Author(s): 
Jaishree Raman, Francesca Little, Cally Roper, Immo Kleinschmidt, Yasmin Cassam, Rajendra Maharaj, and Karen I. Barnes
Reference: 
Am J Trop Med Hyg, May 2010; 82: 788 - 794.

The high "quintuple" mutation prevalence suggests a limited useful therapeutic lifespan of AS-SP for treating uncomplicated malaria, and may curb efficacy of SP-monotherapy for intermittent preventive treatment in Mozambique.

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Policy brief on improving access to artemisinin-based combination therapies for malaria in Mozambique

April 20, 2010 - 15:02 -- Patrick Sampao
Author(s): 
Francisco Mbofanaa , Gertrudes Machatinea and Celeste Moreiraa
Reference: 
International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care 26 : 250-254 2010

The Presidential Malaria Initiative (PMI) -supported Malaria Indicator Survey, conducted in 2007, found the national prevalence of malaria parasitemia among children 6 to 59 months old to be 38.5 percent, with a range by province from 60.4 percent in Nampula to less than 10 percent in Maputo.

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Group-based citizenship in the acceptance of indoor residual spraying (IRS) for malaria control in Mozambique

April 15, 2010 - 14:45 -- Patrick Sampao
Author(s): 
Catherine M. Montgomery, Khátia Munguambe, Robert Pool
Reference: 
Social Science & Medicine, Volume 70, Issue 10, May 2010, Pages 1648-1655

Analysis revealed IRS to be broadly acceptable despite very low levels of perceived efficacy and duration of effect. In contrast to previous studies which have linked acceptance to a reduction in mosquitoes, nuisance biting and malaria, we found people's compliance with the programme to be founded on a sense of group-based citizenship.

Open Access | Mapping malaria incidence distribution that accounts for environmental factors in Maputo Province - Mozambique

March 23, 2010 - 20:56 -- Ingeborg van Schayk
Author(s): 
Orlando P Zacarias, Mikael Andersson
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2010, 9:79 (21 March 2010)

The objective was to study if an association exists between the incidence of malaria and some weather parameters in tropical Maputo province, Mozambique.

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