Such increased resistance levels and rise of multiple resistance highlight the need to rapidly implement resistance management strategies to preserve the effectiveness of existing insecticide-based control interventions.
Socio-economic status and education are important factors that influence malaria control.
The availability of a long-lasting formulation of the organophosphate pirimiphos-methyl makes the re-introduction of IRS a possibility and may be a useful approach for the management of pyrethroid resistance.
Stage-specific transcription is a fundamental biological process in the life cycle of the Plasmodium parasite.
The results suggest the existence of substandard anti-malarial medicines in Malawi.
To avoid overdiagnosis, accuracy in the identification of true malaria cases is of critical importance.
One deltamethrin ITN was distributed in the study area for every two individuals in each household plus one extra ITN for households with an odd number of residents. A fixed cohort of 1,199 children aged six to 59 months was seen monthly for one year and at sick visits to measure malaria infection and use of ITNs.
Pooled nPCR testing was a sensitive and resource-efficient strategy and LCMs provided precise prevalence estimates of submicroscopic infections.
In this study of adults admitted to hospital in southern Malawi, an area with year-round transmission of Plasmodium falciparum, classical metabolic and organ complications of malaria were not encountered.
Most adult antimalarial users are willing to use treatments without recommendation from health professional, and may be influenced by price.