These results suggest that U5 children play a small role compared to SAC in maintaining P. falciparum transmission in southern Malawi.
Pre- and postnatal lipid-based nutrient supplementation did not alter malaria antibody acquisition during infancy, compared to prenatal supplementation with iron and folic acid or pre- and postnatal supplementation with multiple micronutrients.
Community workshops on malaria are a potential tool for influencing a positive change in behaviour towards malaria, and applicable for other health problems in rural African communities.
The survey presents an approach for assessing treatment effectiveness, highlighting bottlenecks which coverage indicators are incapable of detecting, and which may reduce quality and effectiveness of malaria treatment.
Although malaria treatment is supposed to be free in public health facilities, households in Malawi still incur high direct and indirect costs for malaria illness episodes that result in hospital admission.
LLIN holes were not associated with increased odds of malaria in this study.
The diminishing of malaria seasonality, regardless of strong rainfall seasonality, and marginal drop of malaria incidence in Zomba can be explained by weather variation.
Clinical and basic research, which is mostly funded externally, in the fields of malaria in pregnancy, severe malaria and vector and/or agent dynamics dominated, while health policy and system research was least supported.
Malawi’s efforts to scale up ownership of long-lasting, insecticide-treated bed nets are effective in increasing reported use.
International WHO recommendations facilitated a smooth policy change driven by motivated local leadership with technical and financial support from development partners.